Which is the 1st State of India?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 14th, 2023

The 1st state of India was Andhra Pradesh, which was formed on October 1, 1953. The state formed the Telugu-speaking communities of Madras. Between 1947 and 1950, all the princely states merged with the Union of India. Most of the initially established princely states were either converted into new territories or annexed to the remaining districts of the country.

1st State of India

Independent India’s first state was the state of Andhra Pradesh, with Guntur as its capital, which was established on a linguistic basis. Andhra was formed after a 56-day hunger strike following the death of Potti Sriramalu, who was demanding a separate Telugu state.

In 1956, Telugu-speaking areas in Hyderabad state were combined with Andhra to develop Andhra Pradesh, making Hyderabad the capital of the state.

Facts about the First State of India

The important facts about the first state of India are mentioned below:

  • The state formed the Telugu-speaking communities of Madras.
  • On 22 December 1953, Jawaharlal Nehru set up a commission to assess the needs under the chairmanship of Faisal Ali.
  • The people demanded the creation of other states in India based on linguistics.
  • Under the States Reorganization Act, the government finally divided India into 14 states and 6 union territories in November 1956.

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