Which Crop is Sown on the Largest Area in India?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

Rice is the crop sown in the largest area in India. India is the world’s second-largest producer of rice crops. It is cultivated in the Northeastern, Eastern, Northern, Western, and Southern United States. West Bengal is India’s largest rice producer, accounting for 15% of total rice production.

Crop Sown in the Largest Area of India

Monocots like rice are typically grown as annual plants, but in tropical climates, they can persist as perennials and can continue to yield a crop for up to 30 years. Given that rice cultivation is labor-intensive and necessitates a lot of water, it is best suited to nations and regions with low labor costs and high rainfall.

In India, rice is sown in the 43.86 million hectares of land in five regions of the country. These are-

  • Eastern Region: It includes the region of Orissa, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh, Jharkhand, Eastern Uttar Pradesh, and West Bengal. The annual rainfall in the eastern region is high.
  • Northeastern Region: The northeastern region of the northeastern states of India, particularly Assam. The rice is grown in the Brahmaputra basin. Also, this area receives the highest amount of rainfall.
  • Northern Region: States of Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Uttrakhand, Western UP, and Punjab comprise the northern region. The crop is sown between May- July, till Sept-December.
  • Western Region: It comprises the region of Rajasthan, Maharashtra, and Gujarat, wherein the rice crop is grown from June-August to October-December.
  • Southern Region: Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Karnataka, and Andhra Pradesh fall under this region. Independent of the rainfall, the crop is grown with better irrigation.

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