What are the Top 3 Rice Producing Countries?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

The Top 3 Rice Producing Countries in the world are India, China, and Indonesia. Following China, India is the world’s second-largest rice producer. In China, rice is a staple food that is consumed by about 65% of the population. The grass species Oryza sativa, or less frequently, Oryza glaberrima, produces rice as its seed. However, the term may also be used to refer to wild varieties of Oryza, wild rice is typically used to refer to species of the genera Zizania and Porteresia.

Top 3 Rice Producing Countries

Asia is home to the top 10 rice producers as of 2022. More than half of the rice produced worldwide is produced by China and India combined. Thailand, Indonesia, and other Southeast Asian nations grow rice as their main crop. Here are some facts about the top 3 rice-producing countries in the world.


  • The world’s largest producer of rice in China.
  • Additionally, it is the first nation to successfully cultivate rice, a hybrid of two separate plant species.
  • China produced more than 148 million metric tonnes of milled rice in 2018–19.
  • Nearly 95% of China’s rice is grown using conventional techniques in provinces around the Yangtze River, including Jiangsu, Anhui, Hubei, and Sichuan, where the crop is largely grown.
  • The Chinese government and officials will need to build more sustainable and effective ways for rice growing due to several variables, including climate change, a workforce shortage, and an overuse of chemicals and fertilizers.


  • India produced more than 116 million metric tonnes of rice in total in 2018–19.
  • The state of West Bengal produces the most rice in India.
  • In 2016, the state produced 15.75 million tonnes of rice on a cultivable area of 5.46 million hectares.
  • India was the world’s top exporter of basmati rice in 2018–19, shipping 4.4 million tonnes of it.
  • It is also the second-largest rice-consuming country, with an estimated 100 million metric tonnes consumed annually.
  • In India, where more than 65% of the population consumes rice, the industry is the main source of income and employment for more than 50 million people.


What are the Top 3 Rice-Producing Countries?

China, India, and Indonesia are the Top three Rice Producing Countries, and India is the world’s second-largest producer of rice after China. It is a staple food in more than a hundred countries in the world.

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