When was the Constitution of India Adopted?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

A. 15 August 1950
B. 26 January 1950
C. 15 August 1947
D. 26 November 1949

The Constitution of India was adopted on 26 November 1949. The Constitution of India represents the country’s supreme law and lays down the fundamental rights, directive principles, political code, powers, and duties of the citizens. It was framed by a Constituent Assembly, established by Dr Rajendra Prasad and adopted on 26 November 1949. However, the constitution came into force on 26 January 1950, which is celebrated as the Republic Day of India.

The Indian Constitution was Adopted on?

26 January was chosen as the day when the Constitution of India would come into effect because it was the day when the Indian National Congress demanded Purna Swaraj in 1930. The grand Republic Day parade is now held on this day every year in the capital.

The parade signifies India’s military might, defense forces, and cultural heritage. The President of the country, who is also the Commander-in-Chief of the armed forces, takes the salute on Republic Day.

Features of Indian Constitution

The Constitution calls for a federal, unitary, parliamentary form of government with particular elements. The President is the officially designated head of the Union’s Executive. According to Article 79 of the Indian Constitution, the Council of the Parliament of the Union is made up of the President and the two Houses known as the Rajya Sabha and Lok Sabha.

Constitution of India: Important Facts

The Indian Constitution is the lengthiest written constitution in the world. It has been drawn from various sources. Here are some more crucial details about the constitution of India:

  • With 395 Articles in 22 Parts and 12 Schedules, the constitution of India is the supreme law of the country.
  • It declares India as a sovereign, socialist, secular, and democratic republic country.
  • It assures its citizens of justice, equality, and liberty and endeavors to promote fraternity.
  • The word socialist and secular were added by the 42nd Amendment Act during the emergency in 1976.
  • Article 368 of the Indian Constitution provides the procedure for constitutional amendments.
  • With the implementation of the constitution, the Dominion of India became the Republic of India.


When was the Constitution of India Adopted?

The Constitution of India came into effect on 26 January 1950, but it was adopted by the Constituent Assembly on 26 November 1949. A drafting committee was formed, chaired by Dr. B.R. Ambedkar, and was tasked with drafting the constitution and presenting it to the public.

The Constitution is a collection of laws establishing the parliamentary and federal forms of the Indian government. The day that the Constitution came into force is now celebrated every year as the Republic Day of India.

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