What Landforms are Created by Groundwater?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

The Landforms Created by Groundwater are limestone or dolomitic terrain. Some types of rocks may not show the effect of groundwater. However, rocks rich in calcium carbonates such as limestone and dolomite, form a variety of landforms through chemical processes of surface water and groundwater, slurry, and precipitation deposition.

How are Landforms Created by Groundwater?

Karst topography refers to any limestone or dolomitic terrain that exhibits distinctive landforms formed by the action of groundwater through the processes of solution and deposition.

Additional characteristics of the karst topography include landforms produced by erosion and deposition. Eroded landforms include things like pools, sinkholes, and caverns. Landforms that have been deposited are stalactites, stalagmites, and pillars.

Landforms Created by Groundwater

Erosive landforms: Pools, sinkholes, laps, and caves.

  • Sinkholes: Sinkholes are surface depressions in an area of limestone or chalk terrain. Some sinkholes are filled with soil washed down from nearby slopes, while others are steep excavations.
  • Caves: The corrosion of circulating groundwater on limestone results in the formation of interconnecting caverns in bedrock. They are close to Almora in the Kumaon Himalayas and Dehradun in Uttarakhand.

Depositional forms: Stalactites, stalagmites, and columns.

  • Stalactites: These are the main deposit formations formed in caves in limestone areas. Water containing limestone in solution seeps through the roofs of the caves in the form of a continuous chain of drops.
  • Stalagmites: When the remnants of water dripping from the roof of the cavern fall to the floor, it evaporates again, leaving a small deposit of limestone. This deposit grows from the floor of the cavern upwards. These types of deposits are called stalagmites.


What Landforms are created by Groundwater?

The Landforms Created by Groundwater are Pools, sinkholes, laps, caves, Stalagmites, etc. However, the chemical reactions of precipitation and dissolution in calcium carbonate-rich rocks like limestones and dolomites allow groundwater and surface water to work together to produce a variety of landforms.

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