What is the Role of the Judicial System?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

The Role of the Judicial System is to protect the rule of law and ensure the supremacy of the law. The Judiciary is responsible for resolving disputes, conducting judicial reviews, upholding the law, and enforcing fundamental rights. It refers to all people, rich and poor, men and women, general and backward castes, and so on.

Role of the Judicial System

The Role of the Judicial System is to safeguard the rights of the individual, settle disputes and ensure that democracy does not give way to dictatorship.

  • Judicial Review: The Judiciary in India can strike down any law violating the constitution’s basic structure.
  • Dispute Resolution: It is the process of resolving disputes between people, between any citizen and state government, between any citizen and central government, etc., in accordance with the law.
  • Upholding the Law and Enforcing Fundamental Rights: In the event of a violation of the fundamental rights of any citizen of India, he/she can move to the Supreme court or High court.

Functions of the Judicial System

Now that you understand the role of the Indian judicial system, here are the functions you must know:

  • Advisory functions
  • Supervisory functions
  • Administrative functions
  • Administration of justice
  • Creation of judge-case law
  • Guardian of the Constitution
  • Conducting judicial inquiry
  • A special role in a federation
  • Protector of Fundamental Rights

The Indian legal system is founded on recorded court precedents from the British colonial past. The Indian court system consists of the Supreme Court of India, High Courts, and subordinate courts at the district, municipal, and village levels. The judiciary is rightly called the watchdog of democracy as it is the guardian of the Indian Constitution.

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