What is the Most Important Function of the Parliament?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

The most important function of the Parliament is to enact laws that govern the country. It has sole legislative authority for entities on the Union List and residual entities (i.e., entities not listed in any of the three lists). In terms of the Concurrent List, Parliament has higher powers; in the event of a conflict, the law of Parliament takes precedence over the law of the State Legislature.

Important Functions of Parliament

India has adopted a parliamentary form of Government that maintains a harmonious relationship between the executive and the legislature. In addition to making laws, Parliament is the highest legislative body and the most significant wing of the government. Thus, Parliament is a multi-functional entity comprised of the President, the Lok Sabha, and the Rajya Sabha, as defined by the Indian Constitution (Article 79).

  • The most important and major role of the Parliament is a legislative activity or the creation of laws for the benefit of the country.
  • It was given the authority to legislate on all of the issues specified in the Union and Concurrent Lists.
  • Under specific conditions, it may also issue legislation on State List subjects.
  • Parliament has legislative authority over residual entities as well.
  • Another important role of Parliament is the constituent function, which is the power to modify the Constitution.


What is the Most Important Function of the Parliament?

The most important role of Parliament is to make laws to govern the country, and the authority to amend the Constitution is a constituent function of Parliament. It was given the power to enact legislation on any subject covered by the Union List and Concurrent List.

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