What is the Full Form of MGNREGS?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

The full form of MGNREGS is Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme. This scheme was approved on August 23, 2005, but it did not go into effect until February 2, 2006. The goal of MGNREGS is to reduce worker migration from rural to urban areas in search of work, improve rural people’s economic security, and provide 100 days of guaranteed wage employment to unskilled labour in rural areas.

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MGNREGS is an abbreviation for the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme, formerly known as the National Rural Employment Guarantee Act. It was established to improve rural people’s living standards by providing them with job opportunities. This scheme covered a total of 708 districts as of February 11, 2021.

  • An application to the Gram Panchayat and the issuance of job cards are required steps in the registration process.
  • The paid job must be offered within 15 days of the application deadline.
  • Different adult members of the same home may split the 100 workdays per household per year that are allotted to them.
  • The law specifies the following types of projects as being legal: water collection and conservation, drought mitigation through afforestation, irrigation work, water body restoration, land development, flood control, rural connection, and government-notified projects.
  • The wage-material ratio is limited by the Act to a minimum of 60:40. The Act also requires the provision of accredited engineers, worksite amenities, and a weekly report on worksites.

The stakeholders under MGNREGS include the State Government, workers, the Ministry of Rural Development (MoRD), the District Programme Coordinator (DPC), Panchayati Raj Institutions (PRIs), Self-Help Groups (SHGs), etc.

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