What are the Main Features of MGNREGA?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

The main feature of MGNREGA is that every rural household gets 100 days of salaried employment every year, and women are eligible for one-third of the suggested occupations. The MGNREGA program of the Government of India helps to generate employment in rural areas. In September 2005, this act was passed. The central government sets up the funds for this scheme. State governments also create state-level funds for the implementation of the scheme.

What is MGNREGA?

MGNREGA was initially implemented in Anantapur, Andhra Pradesh, on February 2, 2006, to give unskilled and semi-skilled rural laborers employment opportunities. To apply for the MGNREGA scheme, interested adults can send a photograph along with their name, age, and address to the Gram Panchayat. After preliminary scrutiny, job cards are given to individuals, and those who have registered can write to the concerned authorities to request employment.

Rs 3.14 lakh crore was spent in the first ten years, making it the largest social welfare program worldwide. This program has been successful in reducing India’s poverty rate significantly. The 2014 World Development Report described it as a shining example of consequent rural development. Many rural women have taken advantage of this in terms of earning a living and getting social security. Unemployed youth aged 18 to 30 are provided 100 days of employment in a year.

Features of MGNREGA

The main features of MGNREGA are as follows:

  • Under MGNREGA, every rural household is entitled to register.
  • Job cards are distributed to all households along with MGNREGA registration.
  • Job cards are issued within 15 days of receipt of the application for job card registration.
  • Men and women are paid equally.
  • Registered job card holders can apply for jobs individually or in groups.
  • If a new job is to be approved under MGNREGA, then at least 10 job seekers have to apply.
  • No one can change the proposed works of the village community unless they follow MGNREGA rules.
  • The project should be completed within a 5 km radius of the village.
  • Job seekers will have to get an additional 10% of the minimum wage if the work is more than 5 km away.
  • Salary payment within a fortnight.
  • 30% of the beneficiaries should be women.
  • It is necessary to provide workplace facilities like a creche, drinking water, and shade.
  • No contractors or equipment is allowed

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