What is the Difference Between Horticulture and Agriculture?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

The difference between Horticulture and Agriculture is that Horticulture is the practice of growing fruit, flowers, and vegetables, while Agriculture is growing crops for farming, food, and keeping animals. Horticulturists cultivate ornamental plants, trees, and lawns. Agriculture was a critical development in the rise of human civilization, as it produced food surpluses that allowed people to live in cities.

Difference Between Horticulture and Agriculture

The major differences between Horticulture and Agriculture are mentioned in the table given below:

Horticulture Agriculture
It is generally classified as a subdivision of agriculture. It is the science of growing food crops and rearing animals for farming.
It includes the activities like garden cultivation, maintenance of such a garden, growing fruits, and vegetables domestically, etc. It includes activities such as Irrigation, cattle farming, rearing, etc.
It is a small-scale operation It is a large-scale operation.
It opts for occupation as well as leisure. It is mainly taken up as an occupation by people.

Features of Horticulture and Agriculture

There are numerous features of Horticulture and Agriculture. Some of them are elaborated below:

Features of Horticulture

  • Employment opportunities exist in the primary, secondary, and tertiary sectors
  • More profitable than the Indian Agriculture sector
  • Weather conditions are more resistant to change
  • A key economic development driver

Features of Agriculture

  • Dependence on the Monsoon in India
  • Animals are significant
  • Mostly used in areas with high population pressure on land
  • Agricultural output fluctuations

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