Differentiate between Rotation and Revolution of the Earth

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

The difference between rotation and revolution of the Earth is that Rotation refers to the movement of the Earth on its axis, whereas Revolution refers to the movement of the Earth around the sun. The Earth’s rotation takes nearly 24 hours, whereas one revolution around the Sun takes 365 days, resulting in one calendar year.

Difference between Rotation and Revolution of Earth

Rotation refers to the revolution of an object around its internal axis, whereas the same movement if done on an external axis by an object, is called a revolution.

The major differences between the revolution and rotation of the earth have been elaborated in the table given below:

Rotation of the Earth Revolution of the Earth
Earth spins around its axis. Earth spins around the Sun
Takes 24 hours in one rotation Takes 365 days in one revolution
Results in the day and night Results in the change of seasons
From the West towards the East Also, from West to East
The Northern Hemisphere’s North Pole, also referred to as the Geographic North Pole or Terrestrial North Pole is where the Earth’s axis of rotation and surface meet. Perihelion and aphelion are produced by revolution. The Earth’s closest approach to the Sun is known as perihelion. When the Earth is far from the Sun, aphelion occurs.
The North Magnetic Pole of the Earth is distinct from this point. Revolution directly influences the various day and night time lengths. At the equator, the length of the day and night is equal.
The other location where the Earth’s axis of rotation crosses its surface is the South Pole, which is located in Antarctica. The length of the day and night varies in the Northern and Southern hemispheres. Solstices are what cause this.

Related Questions:

Our Apps Playstore
SSC and Bank
Other Exams
GradeStack Learning Pvt. Ltd.Windsor IT Park, Tower - A, 2nd Floor, Sector 125, Noida, Uttar Pradesh 201303
Home Practice Test Series Premium