What is 100th Amendment of Indian Constitution?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

The 100th Amendment of the Indian Constitution passed in 2015, established the exchange of some territories between Bangladesh and India. It approved the 1974 Land Boundary Agreement (and its 2011 protocol), which resulted in the exchange of enclaves and the retention of property.

100th Amendment of the Indian Constitution

The bilateral relations shared between India and Bangladesh have always been crucially dependent on the border shared between the two countries. The boundary between India and Bangladesh is called the International Boundary, and the Indian states of Assam, West Bengal, Mizoram, Meghalaya, and Tripura share it.

  • India received 51 Bangladeshi enclaves to integrate into the Indian mainland through this exchange and acquisition. 111 Indian enclaves were transferred to the Bangladeshi mainland and given to Bangladesh.
  • The Land Agreement of 1974 was negotiated between the prime ministers of the two nations at the time in an effort to settle the border dispute that had persisted since the partition of 1947.
  • Following the 2015 land agreement, the two nations exchanged conclaves, also known as chit mahals.
  • The Indian Constitution was amended as a result of this modification to the national territory.
  • The Indian Constitution underwent its 100th amendment with this one.
  • India received 51 enclaves (earlier in the Bangladeshi territory), while Bangladesh got 111 enclaves.
  • These enclaves were heavily populated with residents who were allowed to choose their residences.
  • They could either continue to live at their present location or move to the country of their choice.

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