What is the Right to Live with Dignity?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

The Right to Live with Dignity is provided in Article 21, which reads, No person shall be deprived of his life or personal liberty except according to procedure established by law. The Indian Constitution is one of the few international constitutions that cater to the needs of every section of society. The term human dignity was introduced in the Preamble of the Indian Constitution by its founders as they understood the value of human dignity and merit.

Right to Live with Dignity

Since human rights can only be linked to living things, it makes it clear that the right to life would be considered primary because, without it, all other rights would be useless.

  • If Article 21 had been interpreted in its original context, then no Fundamental Right would have been worth mentioning.
  • One of the fundamental rights guaranteed by Article 21 of the Indian Constitution is the right to live with dignity.
  • Natural animals come under Article 21. Everyone has the right, whether they are citizens or foreigners.
  • It means that every person has an inalienable right to lead a dignified life free from prejudice.
  • Consequently, anyone can claim this privilege. However, as stated in Article 19, it does not entitle foreigners to reside and settle in India.
  • They have the right to demand equal respect from the state and others. The Supreme Court expanded on Article 21 in Maneka Gandhi v Union of India.
  • The Court ruled that the right to life goes beyond ordinary physical existence and includes the right to live with dignity.

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