What are Garrison Towns?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 14th, 2023

A Garrison Town is a town built specifically for defense. Garrison Towns are one of several types of Indian cities classified according to their functional characteristics, which include administrative towns, mining towns, and transit towns. Numerous towns and communities specialize in specific tasks and are well-known for their one-of-a-kind activities. Garrison Towns first appeared during the British era.

Explain Garrison Towns

A garrison is any group of soldiers stationed in a specific location, initially to guard it. The phrase is becoming more commonly used to describe specific locations that comprise a military installation or fortified military headquarters.

A garrison is usually located in a city, town, fort, castle, ship, or other similar locations. In this context, a “garrison Town” is any town that is close to a military base.

Functions of Garrison Towns

  • During the Arab Islamic conquests of the Middle East, Arab-Muslim soldiers used “Garrison Towns” to strengthen their control over native inhabitants.
  • The ruling Arab elite drove nomadic Arab tribesmen out of the desert, drafted them into Islamic armies, stationed them in garrison towns, and distributed the war booty to occupy non-Arab, non-Islamic lands.
  • The main purpose of the Arab-Islamic garrisons was to maintain control over the native non-Arab populations of these conquered and occupied countries. They also acted as garrison sites for the initiation of additional Islamic military expeditions into territories that had not yet come under Islamic rule.
  • The removal of the aforementioned nomadic Arab tribesmen from their original homelands in the Arabian Peninsula was a secondary aspect of the Arab-Islamic garrisons.

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