What is the Role of Women in the Panchayati Raj System?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

Women play an important role in the Panchayati Raj System by becoming members of Panchayats and Chairpersons of the respective Panchayats in their area. Involving women in national administration and development was the primary concern and reason for including women in India’s Panchayati Raj System.

Women in Panchayati Raj System

The 73rd Constitutional Amendment Act of 1992 (or simply the Panchayati Raj Act) introduced the three-tier Panchayati Raj system, which paved the way for women in the system as well. It wished to ensure the participation of women and the public in general in rural reconstruction. The Panchayati Raj Act came into force on April 24, 1993. The Act demands reservation of selected posts for women.

While the Panchayati Raj Act requires the reservation of seats for women in a few selected Panchayati Raj posts, it also requires newly joined women candidates in Panchayats to acquire a few skills and training through training institutions with the help of the Ministry of Rural Development, which provides financial assistance for the same.

Role of Women in Panchayati Raj System

There are a few roles that women have to play in Panchayats, such as:

  • Taking part in the elections
  • Participation in major decision making
  • Aiming for reduced violence toward women
  • Participating in rural development
  • Becoming an agent of social revolution
  • Taking steps toward reducing corruption and violence

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