What is Meant by the Chalcolithic Culture?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

The Chalcolithic Culture is based on copper and stone and is referred to as the stone-copper phase. It lasted from 2000 BC until 700 BC in India. The Chalcolithic period occurred between the Neolithic and the Bronze Age. The term Chalcolithic is derived from the Greek words copper and lithos, which together form the Copper Age. It is sometimes referred to as Eneolithic.

Chalcolithic Culture Meaning

The Chalcolithic, often known as the Copper Age, is the time between the Neolithic and the Bronze Age. It is thought to have begun in the mid-5th millennium BC and ended with the beginning of the Bronze Age proper, which occurred between the late 4th and early 3rd millennium BC, depending on the region.

  • The Chalcolithic describes the period between 2500 BC – 2200 BC.
  • Copper was mainly used in metalworking technology.
  • It was discovered that bronze could be made by adding tin to copper, a harder and stronger metal alloy.
  • Along with using copper and stone, these people used low-grade bronze to make tools and weapons.
  • Copper bracelets and arrowheads have been found at Bhirrana, the oldest Indus civilization site.


What is meant by the Chalcolithic Culture?

The Chalcolithic age is the transitional period between the Bronze Age and the Neolithic. The civilization was founded on the use of stone and copper and was known as Chalcolithic, which refers to the stone-copper phase.

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