Whom did the People of Indus Valley Civilization Worship?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

The people of Indus Valley Civilization worshipped Pashupati. Indus valley civilization is one of the oldest civilizations that spread from present-day North Afghanistan to Pakistan and North West India. Pashupati was the chief male deity of the people of the Indus Valley Civilization. Clay seals have been found depicting the deity Shiva Pashupati. His image is shown in the form of three faces, two horns, sitting on the low throne and surrounded by a rhino, tiger, elephant, and two deers near his feet. Lord Pashupati was also known as the Lord of Animals.

People of the Indus Valley Civilization

Indus Valley Civilization flourished along the flood plains of Indus and Ghaggar-Hakra. Indus Valley Civilization is the most extensive civilisation among the world’s three earliest civilisations, the other two being Mesopotamia and Egypt. Here are important facts about the people of this civilisation.

  • The people of the Indus Valley Civilization worshipped Pashupati, the Lord of Animals.
  • Their Mother Goddess was Matridevi or Shakti.
  • Apart from this, they also worshipped the Peepal tree.
  • They created the dead with objects as offerings with a belief that they will be used in their afterlife.
  • Before any other ancient civilization, the inhabitants of the Indus Valley Civilization developed and used methods for channeling.
  • Surkotada, Lothal, and Dholavira are some of the important towns in the Indus Valley.
  • On the other hand, Harappa, Mohenjodaro, Ganeriwala, Dholavira, and Rakhigarhi are considered the most important urban centers.


Whom did the People of the Indus Valley Civilization Worship?

Lord Pashupati was worshipped by the people of the Indus Valley Civilization. The image of the deity was found in the seal of the Harappan civilization. Lord Pashupati is represented in seals as sitting in a yoga posture having three faces and two horns. Four animals surround him while two deer are seen on his feet.

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