What are the Main Characteristics of the Neolithic Age?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

The Main Characteristics of the Neolithic Age include the creation of permanent habitations, animal and plant domestication, and cultural progress, such as pottery production. The Neolithic Age in India lasted roughly from 6,000 B.C. to 1,000 B.C. West of the Indus River is where the Indian subcontinent’s earliest Neolithic settlements first appeared. The Neolithic culture first emerged at Mehrgarh around 8,000 B.C., and it quickly spread throughout the region.

Main Characteristics of the Neolithic Age

Domesticated sheep and goats were raised, people lived in mud homes, and wheat and barley were grown. Several significant Neolithic sites can be found in India, including Mehrgarh, the oldest Neolithic site in Pakistan’s Balochistan province, Burzahom in Kashmir, Chiron in Bihar, and Uttar in Andhra Pradesh.

  • The principal crops grown were ragi, horse gram, cotton, rice, wheat, and barley. During this time, domestic cattle, sheep, and goats were created.
  • They lived in pits adjacent to a lake and relied on hunting and fishing for their livelihood.
  • The inhabitants also employed microlithic blades in addition to tools composed of polished stones and bones.
  • There were axes, adzes, chisels, and celts used.
  • It was when mat-impressed, black-burnished, and grey ware ceramics first debuted.
  • Neolithic megalithic architecture is fascinating.
  • In India’s eastern (Bihar and Odisha), southern (Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, and Andhra Pradesh), north-eastern (Meghalaya), and north-eastern (Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, and Andhra Pradesh) regions, Neolithic villages have been found.
  • Several notable Neolithic sites in Kashmir, including Burzahom, Gufkral, Chirand, and Mehrgarh (located in Balochistan, Pakistan) (Andhra Pradesh).
  • Jerf el Ahmar and Tell Abu Hureyra, both in Syria, are the two most important Neolithic sites in Asia.


What are the Main Characteristics of the Neolithic Age?

The Main Characteristics of the Neolithic Age are the domestication of animals and plants, the development of permanent settlements, the use of polished or ground stone for tools, and cultural advancements like pottery production.

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