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Where is Petroleum Mostly Found in India?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: September 13th, 2023

Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Gujarat, Rajasthan, and Tamil Nadu are the states where petroleum is mostly found in India. Petroleum is a yellowish-black liquid composed primarily of hydrocarbons. It is also referred to as crude oil. Petroleum is formed when large amounts of dead organisms, primarily zooplankton, and algae, are buried beneath sedimentary rock and subjected to both prolonged heat and pressure.

Petroleum States in India

The oil deposits in the country were discovered first in 1889 near the town of Digboi in the state of Assam. Petroleum is a compound composed of various constituents such as petroleum gas, gasoline, diesel, lubricating oil, paraffin wax, and so on.

  • Petroleum includes crude oil, all liquid, gaseous and solid hydrocarbons.
  • Gases exist in the form of lighter hydrocarbons methane, ethane, propane, and butane and heavier hydrocarbons are in the form of liquids or solids under surface pressure and temperature conditions.

Uses of Petroleum and Components

The process of separating various constituents of petroleum is known as refining, and it is carried out at a petroleum refinery. The following are the various components of petroleum and their applications:

Constituents of Petroleum Uses
Bitumen Road Surfacing, Paints
Paraffin wax Ointments, vaseline, candles, etc.
Lubricating oil Lubrication
Diesel Fuel for heavy motor vehicles, electric generators
Kerosene Fuel for stoves, jet aircraft and lamps
Petrol Motor fuel, aviation fuel, solvent for dry cleaning
Petroleum Gas in Liquid form Fuel for home and industry (LPG)

Summary:

Where is Petroleum Mostly Found in India?

Petroleum is most found in the Indian states of Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Gujarat, Arunachal Pradesh, Rajasthan, and Tamil Nadu. Petroleum is a compound made up of many different constituents, including petroleum gas, lubricating oil, gasoline, diesel, paraffin wax, and so on.

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