What is Article 85 of the Indian Constitution?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

Article 85 of the Indian Constitution addresses the requirements of Parliament Sessions, Prorogation, or the action of terminating a parliamentary session, and dissolution. It states that the President has the authority to call a meeting of each House of Parliament at any time and place he deems appropriate.

Article 85 of the Indian Constitution

The President shall not intervene for a period of six months between the previous meeting in one session and the date set for the first sitting in the following session. The President may, from time to time, end a session of (a parliament or other legislative assembly) the Houses or either House without dissolving it, a practice known as proroguing, and dissolve the House of the People.

The summoning or issuing of a call of Parliament is defined in Article 85 of the Constitution. The potential to call a session of Parliament is in the hands of the Government. The Cabinet Committee on Parliamentary Affairs takes the judgment, which the President regularises.

  • The time difference between the two sessions of the Parliament cannot surpass six months, representing that the Parliament conducts a meeting at least two times in one year.
  • Summoning is the method of calling all Parliament members to meet, whereas Prorogation is the end of a session.

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