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What did the Peasants of Kheda Demand?

By Balaji

Updated on: March 15th, 2023

The Peasants of Kheda Demanded a reduction of the revenue payment requirements. Due to high taxes and physical limitations brought on by a plague outbreak, they were unable to work during the harvest season and thus missed the window of opportunity to pay the revenue. To meet this need, the Kheda Satyagraha was started.

Table of content

(more)
  • 1. Demands of Kheda Peasants (more)
  • 2. What did the Peasants of Kheda Demand? (more)

Demands of Kheda Peasants

To meet the needs of the peasants, the Kheda Satyagraha was started. Following the Champaran Satyagraha led by Mahatma Gandhi in 1918, the Kheda Satyagraha was the next significant satyagraha movement.

  • The Champaran Satyagraha, led by Mahatma Gandhi, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, and other supporters, was followed by the Kheda Satyagraha in 1918.
  • The Kheda peasants signed a petition that the tax is eliminated for this year owing to hunger.
  • The Bombay government rejected the charter.
  • If the peasants didn’t pay, they were forewarned their land and possessions would be taken, and several people would be imprisoned.
  • In exchange for unpaid taxes, the government sent thugs to seize property and cattle while the police seized all agricultural property and land.
  • The farmers made no attempt to avoid capture or retaliate violently.
  • The discipline and cohesion of the rebellion were astounding.
  • The vast majority of Kheda farmers remained steadfastly united in their support of the Patel despite having their personal property, land, and means of subsistence taken away.
  • Gujaratis who supported the uprising in other regions opposed the government apparatus and helped hide the loved ones and possessions of the protesting peasants.

Summary:

What did the Peasants of Kheda Demand?

Reduced revenue and an end to payment obligations were the primary demands of the Kheda Peasants. As a result of high taxes and physical restrictions caused by a plague outbreak, during the harvest season, they were unable to work. Hence, they missed the opportunity to pay the revenue.

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