What are the Main Features of Harappan town?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

The main features of Harappan town are proper urban planning, a citadel placed at mud brick platforms, and burnt bricks. These are standard materials as well as an underground drainage system. Harappa, one of the most important cities of the Indus Valley Civilization, arose around 2600 BC in the modern-day Sindh and Punjab river valleys.

Features of the Harappan Civilization

The following are significant aspects of the Harappan cities’ town planning & civilization:

  • Effective city planning A grid plan, drainage system, and well-designed roads were used to create streets.
  • Mud bricks were used to construct a citadel in Harappa.
  • Stone structures were uncommon in Harappan settlements, where burnt bricks were the primary building material.
  • Bricks or stone slabs were used to cover the underground drainage system.
  • Harappan cities were divided into two sections: the raised region known as the “Citadel,” and the lower town.
  • Because its structures were supported by mud-brick platforms, the Citadel had a greater height.
  • There was a wall separating this area from the lower town.
  • The Great Bath, the assembly hall, the granary, and the workshops were among the notable structures that made up the Citadel.
  • On the other hand, there were houses in the lower town.
  • The principal thoroughfares of the Harappan cities were constructed using a grid system. From east to west and north to south, they were created.
  • The buildings constructed on street corners were rounded to facilitate the passage of carts.
  • Mohenjo-main Daro’s street was 800 meters long and 10.5 meters wide.
  • All of the wastewater was transferred from the home drains to the street drains.
  • The streets crossed the city’s main road straight, dividing the area into square or rectangular blocks.


What are the Main Features of Harappan Town?

Harappan Town’s main features include a citadel built on mud-brick platforms, proper urban planning, an underground drainage system, and the use of burnt bricks as standard materials. It is a part of one of the world’s oldest civilizations.

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