What were the Main Features of the Harappan Religion?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

Worshiping the goddess, Lord Shiva, animals, nature, half-humans, and natural trees are among the main features of the Harappan religion. Theoretical information regarding the religious practises of the Harappan civilization has remained undiscovered due to a lack of information and the difficulty in deciphering the Indus valley script. However, the evidence so far uncovered has confirmed the following crucial aspects of the Harappan religion.

Main Features of Harappan Religion

The Indus Valley Civilization (IVC) people’s religion and belief system has drawn a lot of attention, and many writers have focused on finding antecedents to the rituals and gods of much later Indian religions.

  • Worship of the goddess, the mother
  • Worship for a male deity, perhaps Lord Shiva;
  • Worshipping animals, nature, and half-humans
  • Worship of natural trees or the spirits who reside within them
  • Worshipping inanimate items such as stones or Lingas and yonis
  • The majority of these characteristics suggest that the religion was primarily an indigenous development and “the linear parent of Hinduism.”
  • There have been discovered numerous clay female figurines, all of which feature the Great Mother Goddess.
  • A beautiful rectangle sealing from Harappa depicts the Earth, or Mother Goddess, with a plant growing from her belly.
  • On a seal with three faces, a male deity who represents Siva as Pasupati (i.e., the prototype for the historical Siva) is depicted sitting on a low throne in the traditional Yogi position with two animals on either side: an elephant and a tiger on the right and a rhinoceros and a buffalo on the left, as well as two deer standing beneath the throne.


What were the main features of the Harappan religion?

The Main features of the Harappan religion include goddesses, the god Shiva, animals, nature, half-humans, natural trees, and more. The religious practices of the Harappan civilization are the subject of debate and debate due to the lack of knowledge and the challenges associated with deciphering the Indus Valley script.

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