Social Justice UPSC Mains Previous Year Questions (2022-2013)

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 14th, 2023

Social Justice UPSC Mains focuses on questions pertaining to social issues, the education system in India, social empowerment, gender inequality, digital education, social welfare etc. This is an essential segment of the GS 2 paper. The difficulty level of social justice previous year’s questions UPSC is considered moderate to high by the aspirants taking the exam. By attempting numerous social justice previous year questions from UPSC, candidates will be able to get a vivid picture of the exam.

Usually, 1-2 questions are asked in the Prelims, and 3-4 questions are asked in the Mains exam. The article illustrates the Social Justice UPSC questions to assist the candidates in attaining complete knowledge of the concepts. Also, check the trend of the social justice previous year questions UPSC to acknowledge the difficulty level and the weightage.

Social Justice UPSC Mains Questions

Social justice questions asked in the UPSC exam 2022 of Mains were of moderate difficulty. The questions were not linked to Current Affairs. However, knowing the current happenings can help the candidates elucidate the answers.

According to the expert analysis based on the review attained by the candidates, the major topics of the Social Justice UPSC Mains questions 2022 were based on:

Social Justice Questions in UPSC Mains GS 2

We have curated Social Justice previous year questions of UPSC Mains from 2022 to 2013 in a single PDF. To develop exemplary answer writing in the actual exam, practice all the last 10 years’ questions after downloading the PDF.

Social Justice UPSC Mains Questions PDF

The upcoming UPSC exam will ask similar types of questions, so be well prepared and keep a copy of all the subject-wise PDFs for final revision and practice. The previous year’s papers and questions are highly beneficial to uplift the level of preparation.

Topic-Wise GS 2 Questions

UPSC aspirants can download topic-wise GS 2 previous year questions asked in the Mains examination.

Social Justice UPSC Mains Questions 2022

The essential topics related to the syllabus were covered in the social justice UPSC Mains questions. Here is the list of the questions; the candidates can walk through the table schematized here and acknowledge the difficulty level of the under-mentioned questions.

Social Justice PYQ UPSC 2022
1. The Gati Shakti Yojana needs meticulous coordination between the Government and the private sector to achieve the goal of connectivity. Explain.
2. The Rights of Persons with Disabilities Act, 2016 remains only a legal document without intense sensitization of government functionaries and citizens regarding disability. Comment
3. Reforming the Government delivery system through the Direct Benefit Transfer Scheme is a progressive step, but it has limitations. Comment.
4 Besides the welfare schemes, India needs deft management of inflation and unemployment to serve the poor and the underprivileged sections of the society. Discuss
5. Do you agree with the views that increasing dependence on donor agencies for development reduces the importance of community participation in the development progress. Justify your answer.

Social Justice Previous Year Questions UPSC 2021

The social justice UPSC mains questions were asked from numerous topics in 2021 and were of varying difficulty levels. More questions were linked to Current Affairs.

According to the review of the toppers, the secret to performing exceptionally well in the exam is to trace the pattern of questions asked in the UPSC previous year question papers. Check here the major topics from where Social Justice PYQ UPSC Mains was framed in 2021.

  • Primary Health
  • Sustainable Development Goals
  • Women in Higher Judiciary
  • Earn while you learn scheme
  • Digital illiteracy
  • Information and Communication Technology
  • Women Empowerment
  • Women Education
  • Civil societies and NGOs
  • Micro-financing of women

Here is the list of the social justice questions that were asked in the 2021 Mains exam. The aspirants can attempt the social issues UPSC previous year questions Mains and decipher the exam level to enhance the preparation to the same level.

Social Justice UPSC-Questions of 2021
Serial No Social Justice UPSC Mains Questions
1. “Can the vicious cycle of gender inequality. poverty and malnutrition to be broken through microfinancing of women SHGs? Explain with examples.
2. “Though women in post-Independent India have excelled in various fields, the social attitude towards women and the feminist movement has been patriarchal.” Apart from women education and women empowerment schemes, what interventions can help change this milieu?”
3 “Discuss the desirability of greater representation to women in the higher judiciary to ensure diversity, equity and inclusiveness.”

Social Justice PYQ UPSC (2020)

The social justice previous year questions UPSC 2020 were asked from all the relevant topics. The UPSC answer writing skills are highly needed in order to crack the exam. Interlinking current affairs with the topics and expressing the same in the answers would assist the candidates in fetching more marks.

The difficulty level of social justice UPSC questions was moderate, though this is highly subjective on the preparation level of the candidates. The questions asked in the exam were related to the following topics:

Here is the list of the social justice UPSC Mains questions that will enlighten the candidates towards a methodical approach to curating an apt UPSC preparation strategy and moving towards the level of success.

Social Justice Previous Year Questions UPSC 2020 Social Justice PYQ UPSC
1. Micro-Finance as an anti-poverty vaccine is aimed at asset creation and income security of the rural poor in India”. Evaluate the role of Self-Help Groups in achieving the twin objectives of empowering women in rural India.
2 National Education Policy 2020 is in conformity with Sustainable Development Goal 4 (2030). It intends to restructure and reorient the education system in India. Critically examine the statement.
3 In order to enhance the prospects of social development, sound and adequate healthcare policies are needed particularly in the fields of geriatric and maternal health care. Discuss.

Social Justice UPSC Previous Year Questions Mains [2019-2013]

Questions pertaining to social justice and social issues frame to be an essential segment of the UPSC syllabus. A few social issues UPSC previous year questions Prelims can be asked in the first phase of the exam as well.

  • According to the expert review, the questions can lie at a moderate to difficult level.
  • It covers various aspects of societal issues and other pertinent.
  • The social justice PYQ questions can be practiced and answered impressively.

Here is the list of the questions asked from 2019 to 2013. Check out the type of questions articulated in the exam.

Social Justice PYQ UPSC
Years Social Justice UPSC Mains
Social Justice UPSC Questions 2019 Q1 There is a growing divergence in the relationship between poverty and hunger in India. The shrinking of social expenditure by the government is forcing the poor to spend more on non-food essential items squeezing their food budget – Elucidate.

Q2 Despite Consistent experience of high growth, India still goes with the lowest indicators of human development. Examine the issues that make balanced and inclusive development elusive.

Social Justice Previous Year Questions UPSC 2018 Q1 Multiplicity of various commissions for the vulnerable sections of the society leads to problems of overlapping jurisdiction and duplication of functions. Is it better to merge all commissions into an umbrella Human Rights Commission? Argue your case.

Q2 The Citizen’s Charter is an ideal instrument of organisational transparency and accountability, but it has its own limitations. Identify the limitations and suggest measures for greater effectiveness of the Citizen’s Charters.

Q3 Appropriate local community level healthcare intervention is a prerequisite to achieve ‘Health for All’ in India. Explain.

Social Justice PYQ UPSC 2017 Q1 The emergence of Self Help Groups (SHGs) in contemporary times points to the slow but steady withdrawal of the state from developmental activities’. Examine the role of the SHGs in developmental activities and the measures taken by the Government of India to promote the SHGs. (250 words)

Q2 Initially Civil Services in India were designed to achieve the goals of neutrality and effectiveness, which seems to be lacking in the present context. Do you agree with the view that drastic reforms are required in Civil Services. Comment (250 words)

Q3 How do pressure groups influence the Indian political process? Do you agree with this view that informal pressure groups have emerged as more powerful than formal pressure groups in recent years? (150 words)

Social Justice UPSC Mains Questions 2016 Q1 In the integrity index of Transparency International, India stands very low. Discuss briefly the legal, political, social and cultural factors that have caused the decline of public morality in India.

Q2 Professor Amartya Sen has advocated important reforms in the realms of primary education and primary health care. What are your suggestions to improve their status and performance?

Q3 “Demographic Dividend in India will remain only theoretical unless our manpower becomes more educated, aware, skilled and creative.” What measures have been taken by the government to enhance the capacity of our population to be more productive and employable?

Q4 Traditional bureaucratic structure and culture have hampered the process of socio-economic development in India.” Comment.

Social Justice Questions UPSC 2015 Q1 The quality of higher education in India requires major improvements to make it internationally competitive. Do you think that the entry of foreign educational institutions would help improve the quality of higher and technical education in the country? Discuss.

Q2 How can the role of NGOs be strengthened in India for development works relating to protection of the environment? Discuss throwing light on the major constraints.

Q3 Though there have been several different estimates of poverty in India, all indicate reduction in poverty levels over time. Do you agree? Critically examine with reference to urban and rural poverty indicators.

Q4 Public health system has limitations in providing universal health coverage. Do you think that the private sector could help in bridging the gap? What other viable alternatives would you suggest?

Social Justice Previous Year Questions UPSC Mains 2014 Q1 An athlete participates in Olympics for personal triumph and nation’s glory; victors are showered with cash incentives by various agencies, on their return. Discuss the merit of state sponsored talent hunt and its cultivation as against the rationale of a reward mechanism as encouragement.

Q2 Should the premier institutes like IITs/IIMs be allowed to retain premier status, allowed more academic independence in designing courses and also decide mode/criteria of selection of students. Discuss in light of the growing challenges.

Q3 The penetration of Self Help Groups (SHGs) in rural areas in promoting participation in development programmes is facing socio-cultural hurdles. Examine.

Social Justice UPSC Previous Year Questions 2013 Q1 The legitimacy and accountability of Self Help Groups (SHGs) and their patrons, the micro-finance outfits, need systematic assessment and scrutiny for the sustained success of the concept. Discuss.

Q2 Identify the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) that are related to health. Discuss the success of the actions taken by the Government for achieving the same.

Q3 Pressure group politics is sometimes seen as the informal face of politics. With regards to the above, assess the structure and functioning of pressure groups in India.

Q4 The basis of providing urban amenities in rural areas (PURA) is rooted in establishing connectivity. Comment.

Q5 Though Citizen’s charters have been formulated by many public service delivery organizations, there is no corresponding improvement in the level of citizens’ satisfaction and quality of services being provided. Analyse.

Social Justice UPSC Mains Questions Weightage

Earlier the social justice UPSC questions were direct. Eventually, there has been an increase in the Current Affairs portion of the IAS exam. Due to its vast syllabus, it is one of the toughest exams in India to clear. Check here the weightage of the social justice previous year questions UPSC to acknowledge the significance of the topic.

Social Justice PYQ UPSC
S.No Exam No. of Questions Total Marks of Social Justice Previous Year Questions UPSC
1 UPSC Prelims 1-2 2-4
2 UPSC Mains 3-4 35-40

Trend of Social Justice PYQ UPSC Mains

The social justice UPSC mains questions are asked from variable levels. The number of questions also witnesses an alteration. The topics pertaining to Indian society and social justice are usually asked in the exam. An in-depth comprehension of sociology UPSC notes is of paramount essentiality for the candidates to crack the exam.

Here is the list of the number of social justice UPSC previous year questions asked in subsequent years and the level of difficulty of them.

Year Social Justice PYQ Questions- Number UPSC Mains Questions on Social Justice-Difficulty Level
Social Justice UPSC 2022 4-5 Moderate
Social Justice previous year questions UPSC 2021 3 Moderate
Social Justice UPSC Mains questions 2020 3 Moderate
UPSC Mains Questions on Social Justice 2019 2 Difficult
Social Justice PYQ UPSC 2018 3 Difficult
Social Justice Questions UPSC 2017 3 Moderate
Social Justice UPSC Previous Year Questions 2016 4 Moderate
Social Justice Mains Questions 2015 4 Moderate
Social Justice Previous Year Questions UPSC Mains 2014 3 Difficult
Mains Social Justice UPSC 2013 5 Moderate

UPSC Mains Questions on Social Justice – Important Topics

The analysis of the questions can lead the candidates to pick out the essential and important topics for the Mains exam. The apt comprehension of the social justice previous year questions UPSC also leads the candidates in analyzing the topics from where the questions are getting repeated and their types that are prevalent in the exam.

Check here the list of the important topics from the social justice UPSC Mains questions of the previous years.

  • Pressure Group Politics
  • Self Help Groups [SHGs]
  • PURA [Providing urban amenities in rural areas]
  • MDGs [Millenium Development Goals]
  • Citizens Charter
  • State sponsored talent hunt
  • Role of NGOs
  • Quality of higher education in India
  • Public Health System
  • Poverty in India
  • Demographic Dividend
  • Socio economic Development in India
  • Reforms in Civil services
  • Healthcare system
  • National Human Rights Commission
  • Human Development Index
  • Micro Finance
  • Women Empowerment
  • Representation of women in higher judiciary
  • Welfare Schemes

Social Justice UPSC Mains Questions – Preparation Tips

An apt and accurate preparation methodology and strategy can take the aspirants toward accomplishing the desired goals and achieving the desired profile. The questions pertaining to this topic can be asked in Prelims and Mains.

According to the analysis of the social justice previous year questions in UPSC, the questions can be asked from diverse topics. The preparation tips curated by the experts have been listed here.

  • Get in touch with the UPSC GS 2 syllabus and underline the topics concerning social justice UPSC Mains questions.
  • Pick the sociology NCERT books for classes XI and XII. The NCERTs provide a boost to the core concepts and fundamentals.
  • The analytical skill of the candidates is assessed through the questions.
  • The UPSC notes must be prepared for all the requisite and mandatory topics including Current Affairs, to be able to answer the questions in an enriching and impressive way.
  • It is equally essential to revise the topics frequently to get a complete hold of them.
  • Analyze the previous year’s questions and highlight the topics from where the questions are getting repeated and are essential.
  • Check out the preparation strategy adopted by the UPSC toppers; this can provide you with unique ideas to cover the syllabus within the stipulated time frame.
  • The right and apt preparation can assist the aspirants in accomplishing the desired results.
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