Name the Three Organs of the Government and what are their Functions

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

The three organs of the government are the legislature, judiciary, and executive. By keeping the peace and upholding the laws made by the government, it is in the nature of these institutions to act as a bridge between the people and the government. In order for a democracy to function effectively, all of its organs must effectively create and carry out laws.

Organs of the Government and their Functions

Laws are created by the legislature, are carried out by the executive, and are then applied by the judiciary in specific cases where a law has been broken. Democracy is stableand unified when each of its organs is working in harmony with the others. Let us read more details about all three organs of the government and their functions.


The primary duty of the Legislature is to create the rules and regulations that all citizens must abide by. It also passes laws and examines the administration and resolutions further.

  • The fact that the legislature is also in charge of ensuring that the other two branches of government run smoothly makes it absolutely necessary.
  • Additionally, the legislature is regarded as the first of the three organs because, without it, laws cannot be executed or applied.


The second organ Executive, which comprises the Prime Minister, President/ Governor, Chief Ministers, and Council of Ministers at the Union/State level, along with the administration responsible for enforcing laws made by the legislature.

  • The Executive helps implement the laws formed by the legislature and enforces the will of the government.
  • Hence, we can say that the executive is the administrative head of the state.


The community courts are at the bottom of the Judiciary, with the Supreme Court of India at the top. The Judiciary also consists of the high courts, district courts, and lower courts.

  • To ensure that the populace receives justice, it is the judiciary’s responsibility to interpret the law and adjudicate disputes.
  • The judiciary is frequently referred to as the “guardian of the constitution” or the “watchdog of democracy.”


Name the Three Organs of the Government and what are their Functions

The Legislative, Executive, and Judiciary are the three organs of the government. Only when the three main branches of government function well together do a democracy run smoothly. Each organ has a specific task that it must successfully complete in order to uphold the state’s laws and order.

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