Marco Polo once wrote that the Pandyan kingdom was “The Richest and the most Splendid province in the World”. Which are the Contributing Factors?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

The Factors that contributed to the Pandyan Kingdom being the richest province in the world were the Pandyas expanded over a large part of South India and they ruled over it for a long time; most of the pearls and precious stones in the world were produced by the Pandya Empire; foreign trade was also supported by the Pandyan Empire, especially with the Arabs, who contributed greatly to the wealth of the kingdom.

Pandyan Kingdom is Richest Province in World

The Pandian kingdom was hailed as the richest and most luxurious province in the world by Marco Polo in the 13th century, who was impressed by its immense wealth and grandeur. Marco Polo regarded the Pandyan kingdom as the most luxurious and richest province in the world, as he had seen during his visit to the kingdom in the 13th century.

  • The Pandyas ruled the southern part of India from the 6th to the 14th century.
  • The Pandya Dynasty, which is also known as the Pandyas of Madurai, was an ancient dynasty of South India.
  • It was one of the three great dynasties of the Tamilakam. The other two were the Cholas and the Cheras.
  • Tamilakam refers to the geographical area which was ruled by the Tamil people in ancient times.
  • The area covers present-day’s Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Puducherry, Lakshadweep, and southern parts of Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka.
  • The Pandyan dynasty was founded by Maravarman Sundara I early in the 13th century, who succeeded his older brother Jatavarman Kulasekhara in 1216.
  • The symbol of the dynasty was a fish.

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