What do You Mean by Natural Environment?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

A natural environment refers to an environment in which human contact or influence has been extremely limited. The natural environment includes water, air, land, animals, and plants. Therefore, the natural environment includes both biotic and abiotic conditions present on the earth. The term is often applied to the earth or any part of the earth.

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Natural Environment

“Natural” means what happens freely in the world or in human conduct. Everything that is not man-made comes under the natural environment. It incorporates all living as well as non-living things.

It contains only naturally occurring things and not artificial things. It comprises the interactions of different climates, all living species, weather, and natural resources that affect the survival of human and economic activity.

There are four domains of the natural environment – ​​lithosphere, hydrosphere, atmosphere, and biosphere.

  • Lithosphere: This is the hard upper layer of the Earth, and it is made up of minerals and rocks and is also covered by a thin layer of soil.
  • Hydrosphere: As the name suggests, the hydrosphere is the area of ​​water. It includes different sources and different types of water bodies in the natural environment.
  • Atmosphere: This is the thin layer of air that surrounds the Earth and is held in place by the Earth’s gravitational force.
  • Biosphere: This is the area of ​​the Earth where air and water meet to support life.

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