How did India Get its Name?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

India got its name from the Sindhu river (Indus river). The origin of name Sindhu is from a Greek word in the 5th century BC (since Herodotus). Indian civilization began in the areas near the Indus River; Thus, the nation got its name from the Indus River (Indus) and the lower Indus Basin (modern Indus) in Pakistan. India is also known to be the home of a different indigenous tribe which was called Bharata, thus the other name Bharata was given to our country.

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Names of India

The origin of India dates back to the Indus Valley Civilization. It was the oldest civilization in the world that flourished around 3300 BCE near the Indus river. India is one of the oldest countries in the world and has been called different names other than India. These are-

  • Bharat – Bharate-Varsha is derived from the name of Bharate, son of Rishabh, or Bharate, son of Dushyanta.
  • Aryavarta – Aryavarta means the land of the Aryans, referring to the Indo-Aryan tribe.
  • Hindustan – Hindustan, like the name Bharat, originated from the river Indus, as the Persians mispronounced the word Sindhu as Hindu.
  • Tenjiku – Tenjiku or Tianzhi is a word of Chinese origin that means Five India. According to the Chinese, there are 5 geographical regions in India, and these are northern, southern, western, eastern, and central India.
  • Jambudweep – Jambudweep has been used in ancient scriptures and is still occasionally used in Java, Bali, Malaysia, and Thailand.

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