How are Rights and Duties Interrelated?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

Rights and duties are interrelated because rights are defined as an individual’s entitlements necessary for self-development, whereas duties have obligations both to the state and to individuals. Rights are the things we want others to do for us, whereas duties are the things we should do for others. As a result, a right entails an obligation to respect the rights of others. Duties are the obligations that go along with rights.

Relation between Rights and Duties

In a democracy, the state grants citizens rights and imposes obligations on them in order for society to coexist peacefully. Fundamental rights are the basic human rights that all citizens possess. These are generally understood regardless of one’s birthplace, caste, gender, religion, or faith.

Fundamental obligations, on the other hand, are the moral obligations of all people to support the advancement of nationalism and the unification of India. The rights to equality, freedom from oppression and exploitation, freedom of religion, freedom of the press, and constitutional protection are all established in the Constitution.

  • Rights and obligations are interdependent.
  • Life can be smoother if rights and responsibilities go hand in hand and complement each other.
  • Rights are what a person wants others to do, while duties are those actions a person should perform for others.
  • The right, therefore, comes with the obligation to show respect for the rights of others. Duties that accompany rights are in the form of responsibilities.

What are Duties?

As citizens, a wide range of responsibilities binds us daily. They have these obligations both toward the state and towards individuals.

  • There is a legal obligation to pay taxes, refrain from violence against fellow citizens, and obey other laws passed by Parliament.
  • Violation of these legal obligations results in financial consequences (fines) or punitive measures such as imprisonment.
  • The obligations follow the simple logic that peaceful coexistence requires a certain degree of self-sacrifice and that, if necessary, it must be enforced through sanctions.

What are Rights?

The rights are written in such a way that they establish the twin principles of anti-dehumanization and anti-hierarchy. In India, the fundamental rights chapter of the Constitution may reflect this.

  • The Indian Constitution, as the supreme law of the land, serves as a guide for all its citizens.
  • It establishes a framework for a variety of fundamental rights.
  • The rights and duties of every citizen are two of these foundations. “Every right entails a responsibility, every opportunity entails a duty, and every possession entails a duty.”
  • Rights and duties go hand in hand, whether they are legal, political, social, or economic.
  • Receiving something implies the obligation to pay for it.


How are Rights and Duties Interrelated?

Rights and duties are interrelated because rights are defined as an individual’s entitlements required for self-growth, whereas duties have responsibilities both to the state and to people. The fundamental rights and obligations articles of the Constitution set forth both the fundamental responsibilities and rights of the people as well as the fundamental obligations of the state toward its citizens.

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