Are Fundamental Duties Enforceable in Court?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

Laws can be used to enforce Fundamental Duties. Therefore, the Parliament may stipulate the imposition of suitable fines or other punishment for failure to comply with any of them. The moral obligations of all citizens to support the unity of India and advance patriotism are known as Fundamental Duties. These obligations, outlined in Part IV-A of the Constitution, affect both people and the country.

Enforcement of Fundamental Duties

The Fundamental Rights, Directive Principles of State Policy, and Fundamental Duties are sections of the Indian Constitution that outline the fundamental duties and rights of citizens toward the state and the fundamental obligations of states to their citizens.

  • 10 Fundamental Duties were introduced to the Indian Constitution by the 42nd Amendment Act of 1976.
  • 11th Fundamental Duty was later added to the list by the 86th Amendment Act of 2002.
  • Fundamental Duties, felt necessary during the internal crises of 1975–1977, were recommended by the Swaran Singh Committee in 1976.
  • Under Part-IV A of the Indian Constitution, Article 51A addresses the Fundamental Duties.

Importance of Fundamental Duties

  • They warn people against acting in an anti-social and anti-national manner.
  • They remind Indian citizens of their duty to their society, their fellow citizens, and the nation.
  • They inspire commitment and discipline, and they inspire people.
  • They aid the courts in examining and determining the constitutionality of a statute.
  • The fundamental obligations, like the Directive Principles of State Policy, are not subject to the courts.
  • Fundamental obligations serve as a warning to the public against anti-social behavior. It aids the court in determining whether a law is constitutional.


Are Fundamental Duties Enforceable in Court?

The use of law can uphold fundamental Duties. As a result, the Parliament may specify that failure to abide by any of them will result in the imposition of appropriate fines or other penalties.

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