Give an Account of the Northern Plains of India

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

The Northern Plains of India were formed as a large basin, which was formed as a result of the Himalayan Mountains. The Himalayan mountains rise from the Tethys Sea and the subsidence of the northern part of the Peninsular Plateau. The depression was gradually filled by silt deposits from the peninsular plateau in the south and rivers coming from the mountains in the north.

Northern Plains of India

The interaction of the three major river systems, namely the Indus, the Ganges, and the Brahmaputra with their tributaries, is largely responsible for the development of the northern plains. This geographical division is 2,400 km long, 320 km wide, and covers an area of 7 lakh square kilometers.

Read: Peninsular Plateau of India

This is an area that is very populated. The region is particularly productive agriculturally due to its rich soil cover, ample water supply, and favorable temperatures. The Northern Plain has three main parts:

  • The Punjab Plains: The Indus River and its tributaries formed the western portion of the Northern Plains.
  • The Ganga Plains: The Northern Plains’ largest region is between the Ghaggar and Teesta rivers.
  • The Brahmaputra Plain: The Brahmaputra and its tributaries formed the eastern portion of the Northern Plains.

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