Differentiate Between National and Regional Parties

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 14th, 2023

The Difference Between National and Regional Parties is that the Regional parties will campaign for office within their designated geographic area, although national parties can campaign in more than three states. Regional parties are allowed to seek office in their own States, whereas national parties are allowed to seek office in any State as well as the Central. While national parties will handle these challenges, regional parties won’t show much interest in the issues abroad.

Elections can be taken part in by state parties campaigning for election throughout India and regional parties campaigning for election within a single state. National, regional, and international issues are the emphasis of the Regional Party. State and regional interests are promoted by the Regional Party.

National and Regional Parties

The requirements for an organization to be recognized as a state political party have been established by the Election Commission. A party must receive at least 6% of the votes cast in that state during the general or assembly elections to be recognized. A minimum of two seats in the Legislative Assembly should also be won by the party. Or, the political party must win at least three seats in the Assembly or 3% of the total seats in the state Legislative Assembly, whichever is higher.

According to the Election Commission of India, a regional political party can become a national party in India if it can record at least 6% of the legitimate votes in four or more states during the Lok Sabha or assembly elections in those states.

In addition, the party must secure at least four Lok Sabha seats from one state or many states. If that doesn’t happen, it must strive for at least 2% of the Lok Sabha’s seats (which means 11 out of the existing 543 seats). At least three distinct states should be represented by these 11 candidates.

Difference Between National and Regional Parties

The Difference Between National and Regional Parties is given here in the tabular format:

National Political Parties

Regional Political Parties

National parties deal with national-level issues and are influential in the whole nation.

Regional parties have a limited influence and are powerful only in a specific region or state. They discuss the issues and demands of a specific region.

National parties give more preference to national issues over regional problems.

The operations of regional parties are confined to the country or the state in which they work, focusing on local issues.

To become a national party, a party must gain more than 6% of the total votes in the Lok Sabha or assembly elections in 4 different states.

A party must receive a minimum of 6% votes in the legislative election to become a regional party and win at least two seats.

Examples of national parties are – BJP, Congress, and BSP.

Examples of regional parties are – Manipur People Party, Anta Dal, and Assam United Democratic Front.


Differentiate Between National and Regional Parties

The major difference between National and Regional Parties is that the National parties are permitted to campaign for election in more than three states, but regional parties must campaign for election within the boundaries of their allocated geographic territory. National parties have influence all over the nation and deal with issues at the national level. Regional parties are influential in certain regions and deal with regional problems.

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