Differentiate Between In-Situ and Ex-Situ Conservation

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 14th, 2023

The Difference Between In-Situ and Ex-Situ Conservation is that In-situ conservation is the conservation of species in a natural habitat that help to live in a natural population and Ex-situ conservation means removing endangered species from their natural habitat and protecting them in a manmade environment. To gather resources for sustainable development, biodiversity must be protected and managed. The three goals of biodiversity protection are to maintain the variety of species, sustainable use of ecosystems and species, and protect vital ecological processes and systems that support life.

Difference Between In-situ and Ex-situ Conservation

Below are the differences between In-situ Conservation and Ex-situ Conservation:

In-Situ Conservation

Ex-Situ Conservation

Wildlife is protected in its natural habitat.

In a synthetic ecosystem that replicates their natural home, species are preserved.

The natural ecosystem survives because the species are safeguarded in their native environments.

When the natural ecosystem cannot safeguard the organisms, they are removed.

The wild population protects the distinctive biological communities.

In particular, endangered species are protected.

Examples include national parks, biosphere reserves, and wildlife sanctuaries.

Zoos, botanical gardens, gene banks, etc., are a few examples.

In-situ and Ex-situ Conservation

The term “biodiversity” describes the diversity of life on earth. There are several ways to conserve it:

  • In-situ conservation: Conservation of animals in their natural habitat allows them to continue existing in their original populations.
  • Ex-situ conservation: This involves removing some threatened species from their natural habitat and preserving them in an artificial setting.

The process of assessing variety at all levels, including the genetic, species, and ecological levels, is called biodiversity. Endangered species are protected from their predators by in-situ conservation. Ex-situ conservation provides defence against all dangers. Both conservation methods are distinct from one another and significant in their own right.


Differentiate Between In-Situ and Ex-Situ Conservation

The Major Difference Between In-Situ and Ex-Situ Conservation is that In-situ conservation is known as Keeping species in their natural habitats, which support the survival of their native populations, and Ex-situ conservation refers to protecting endangered species in environments created by humans rather than keeping them in their natural habitat. Rich and varied flora, fauna, and exceptional natural beauty are found in the various ecosystems that make up biodiversity. Two methods, in-situ conservation and ex-situ conservation, are often used to carry out this conservation.

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