Describe any three Technological and Institutional Reforms made in the field of Agriculture in India

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 14th, 2023

The Technological and Institutional reforms made in the field of Agriculture in India are Collectivization, Consolidation of Holdings, Cooperation, and the Abolition of Zamindari. The process of establishing the conditions necessary for the agricultural potential to be realized is referred to as agricultural development. Among these conditions are knowledge accumulation, the accessibility of technology, and the distribution of outputs and inputs.

By creating the ideal conditions for farming, agricultural development lowers poverty and saves lives by enabling the effective planting, harvesting, and processing of food. Techniques for pest management are employed to expand agriculture.

Technological and Institutional Reforms

Institutional Reforms are the term used to describe the government’s efforts to alter the agricultural industry. Most farmers in India depend on the monsoon and the land’s inherent fertility to raise their crops. The crops produced in this manner are insufficient because of the expanding population. Institutional reforms after independence are consequently given priority.

Agriculture development is helping crop producers or farmers by offering various forms of support in the agricultural industry. Agriculture development includes offering security, assisting with research, using cutting-edge methods, preventing pests, and promoting diversity.

Technological and Institutional Reforms made in the field of Agriculture in India

  • Land reforms: Collectivization, holdings consolidation, cooperation, and zamindari abolition.
  • The White Revolution and Green Revolution in agriculture.
  • Land development programs: construction of Grameen banks, cooperative societies, and banks for loaning money, as well as purchasing crop insurance against drought, flood, cyclones, etc.
  • Providing crop insurance protects farmers from damages brought on by natural calamities like fires, cyclones, fires, and droughts.
  • An important step in this approach was the establishment of Grameen Banks, cooperative societies, and banks to offer farmers lending opportunities at cheaper interest rates.
  • Providing personal accident insurance plans and Kissan credit cards, among other things.
  • Special radio and television weather reports and agricultural programs geared toward farmers.
  • For the benefit of farmers, the Indian government has introduced the Personal Accident Insurance Scheme (PAIS).
  • For farmers, specific radio and radio weather reports as well as agricultural programs, have been introduced.


Describe any three Technological and Institutional Reforms made in the field of Agriculture in India

Collectivization, the Abolition of Zamindari, Consolidation of Holdings, and Cooperation are examples of Technological and Institutional changes implemented in the Agricultural Sector of India. The primary objective of our first Five Year Plan was land reform. In the 1960s and 1970s, the Indian government started implementing agricultural reforms to enhance Indian agriculture.

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