Define Land Degradation. Explain With Causes and Control Measures

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

Land Degradation is a process where the value and productivity of land are reduced due to human activities. It can be defined as the reduction and loss of fertility of the land and the quality of its soil due to human activities. For instance, land degradation majorly affects agriculture and food security as soil erosion, and pollution can make it difficult to grow healthy crops.

Land Degradation Definition

A variety of factors, such as extreme weather conditions and situations like drought, contribute to land degradation. Additionally, human activities that harm or degrade soil quality and land utility are contributing factors in land degradation.

By reducing deforestation, irrigation, urban sprawl, mining and quarrying, agricultural intensification, and land reclamation, it is possible to stop the degradation of the land with time.

Causes of Land Degradation

Some Important causes for Land Degradation:

  • Drought
  • Soil Erosion
  • Soil pollution
  • Overgrazing
  • Deforestation
  • Repeated extraction of minerals from the soil.

Control Measures against Land Degradation

Some control measures that can help against Land Degradation:

  • Controlling mining activities.
  • Planting sheltering belts for plants.
  • Afforestation and proper management of grazing lands to prevent overgrazing.


Define Land Degradation. Explain With Causes and Control Measures

Land degradation is the term used to describe how a piece of land loses value and productivity, usually as a result of human activity. Drought, soil pollution, soil erosion, and overgrazing are a few factors that contribute to land degradation. However, land degradation can be somewhat contained by increasing tree planting (afforestation), managing the overgrazing of grass, and limiting mining activities.

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