Commonwealth Games 2022 UPSC: Essay, Current Affairs, Medal Tally

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 14th, 2023

Athletes from the Commonwealth of Nations compete in an international multi-sport event known as the Commonwealth Games, also referred to as the Friendly Games. Except for 1942 and 1946, which were postponed owing to World War 2, the tournament has been staged every four years since it debuted in 1930.

Here in this post, we will provide you with all the information regarding Commonwealth Games, which includes Medal Tally, Schedule, Essay, etc. The Commonwealth Games 2022 UPSC notes will aid your exam preparation for the current affairs section.

Commonwealth Games 2022

The Commonwealth Games 2022, also known as the XXII Birmingham 2022 Commonwealth Games, was an international multi-sport competition for participants from the Commonwealth of Nations held in Birmingham, England, from July 28 to August 8, 2022.

Essay on Commonwealth Games 2022

The Commonwealth Games 2022 was the biggest ever hosted, with 72 participating nations and over 1.3 million ticket purchases. The para competition was also conducted simultaneously, making it the first tournament with more female-focused events than male-focused ones. A cultural festival and other trade activities were organized throughout the West Midlands in conjunction with the Games.

History of Commonwealth Games

Astley Cooper pioneered holding many games at a single sporting event in 1881. The Friendly Games are another name for the Commonwealth Games. From 1930 to 1950, the events were known as the British Empire Games, from 1954 to 1966 as the British Empire and Commonwealth Games, and from 1970 to 1974 as the British Commonwealth Games.

After being inspired by the Inter-Empire Championships, a feature of the 1911 Festival of Empire, Melville Marks Robinson founded the British Empire Games, which were first held in Hamilton, Canada, in 1930.

The Paraplegic Games for athletes with disabilities (who were prohibited from competing from 1974 until integrated entirely by 1990) and the Commonwealth Youth Games for participants between the ages of 14 and 18 were added as the Games developed over time. The Commonwealth Games Federation (CGF) oversees the Games, chooses the host cities, and manages the sporting program.

Commonwealth Games 2022 Current Affairs

Everyone preparing for the current affairs section is urged to be familiar with the most recent Commonwealth Games events. The most current Commonwealth Games updates are as follows:

  • On July 28, 2022, the Commonwealth Games got underway in Birmingham. This year, Neeraj Chopra served as the Indian team’s leader.
  • 322 people made up the Indian squad at the event, including three general managers, nine contingent employees, and 72 team officials.
  • The inclusion of women’s cricket in the Commonwealth Games this year is one of the most recognizable features of the event.
  • Manpreet Singh served as the team’s captain of the hockey team.
  • In an email to a UK MP, India’s sports minister Kiren Rijiju requests that shooting be included in the 2022 Commonwealth Games.
  • For India, Mirabai Chanu won the 49 kg women’s weightlifting gold medal at the Commonwealth Games 2022.
  • The opening day of the Games saw no medals for India.
  • India won their first medal on day two of the event. Silver was won by Sanket Sargar in the men’s 55-Kg weightlifting event, giving India its first medal.
  • In the 61 kg men’s weightlifting event, Gururaja Poojary took the bronze medal, while Bindyarani Devi took the silver in the 55 kg women’s weightlifting event.
  • In the 67 kg, men’s weightlifting event won by Jeremy Lalrinnunga and the 73 kg weightlifting event won by Achinta Sheuli, India won two gold medals.
  • In Birmingham, a 215-person Indian team: 111 male and 104 female athletes, competed in 15 different sports.
  • At the 2022 Commonwealth Games, Indian athletes won 61 medals which included 22 golds, 16 silvers and 23 bronze.

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India’s Participation in Commonwealth Games

The 37-member Indian athlete teams, led by Olympic champion javelin thrower Neeraj Chopra, were confirmed by the Athlete Federation of India for the 2022 Commonwealth Games. Out of the 37 athletes on the Indian team, 18 were female. This also applies to the choice of female competitors for the 4400 m women’s relay team, such as Hima Das and Dutee Chand.

Avinash Sable was a part of the team that set a new record in the 3000m steeplechase for the eighth time. Tejaswin Shankar, who won the high jump national championship in 2022 with a best leap of 2.27 meters at the NCAA outdoor track and field championships in the US, was not selected for the Commonwealth Games because he did not participate in the national inter-state competition and did not ask the AFI for an exemption.

Commonwealth Games Countries

The countries where the Commonwealth Games were held are listed below:

Year City Country
1930 Hamilton Canada
1934 London England
1938 Sydney Australia
1950 Auckland New Zealand
1954 Vancouver Canada
1558 Cardiff Wales
1962 Perth Australia
1966 Kingston Jamaica
1970 Edinburgh Scotland
1974 Christchurch New Zealand
1978 Edmonton Canada
1982 Brisbane Australia
1986 Edinburgh Scotland
1990 Auckland New Zealand
1994 Victoria Canada
1998 Kuala Lumpur Malaysia
2002 Manchester England
2006 Melbourne Australia
2010 Delhi India
2014 Glasgow Scotland
2018 Gold Coast Australia
2022 Birmingham England

About Commonwealth Games Federation

The Commonwealth Games Federation (CGF), a global organization, is in charge of organizing the Commonwealth Games and is the final arbiter of all questions relating to the competitions. In London, England’s Commonwealth House serves as the home of CGF. The Royal Commonwealth Society and the Commonwealth Local Government Forum have offices at the Commonwealth House.

The International Olympic Committee says there are three main parts to the Commonwealth Games Movement:

  1. A sport’s international governing body is called the International Federation (IFs). For instance, the sport’s worldwide regulating body is the International Basketball Federation (FIBA).
  2. Similar to National Olympic Committees, Commonwealth Games Associations (CGAs) manage and oversee the Games Movement inside their various nations. For instance, England’s CGA is the Commonwealth Games England (CGE). 72 CGAs are now recognized by the CGF.
  3. The temporary groups in charge of organizing each Commonwealth Games are known as the Commonwealth Games Organising Groups (OCCWGs). OCCWGs are dissolved following each game once the CGF has received the final report.

Medals won by India in Commonwealth Games 2022

India has won a gold medal to start the closing day of the 2022 Commonwealth Games. Men’s singles table tennis saw Achanta Sharat Kamal win the gold medal while Sathiyan took the bronze. Chirag Shetty and Satwik Sairaj Rankireddy won the gold medal in men’s doubles badminton.

PV Sindhu of India won the gold medal in the women’s singles badminton tournament. Lakshya Sen also captured the gold medal by outlasting Malaysian Ng Tze Yong. Let’s take a look at how many medals India won at the 2022 Commonwealth Games:

Medal Number of Medals
Gold Medal 22
Silver Medal 16
Bronze Medal 23
Total 61

Sports Wise Commonwealth Games Medal Tally 2022

The Commonwealth Games Medal Tally of CWG 2022 is discussed here. Wrestling, cricket, boxing, hockey, squash, judo, javelin throw, weightlifting, athletics, badminton, table tennis, long jump, high jump, and lawn bowls are among the sports in which India has won 61 medals. Let’s look at India’s medal tally for the Commonwealth Games 2022.

Commonwealth Games 2022 Medal Tally
Sports Athlete/Team Events Medal
Table Tennis Sharath Kamal Men’s Single Gold
Table Tennis Sathiyan Gnanasekaran Men’s Single Bronze
Table Tennis Achanta & Sreeja Akula Mixed Doubles Gold
Table Tennis Sharath Kamal and Sathiyan Gnanasekaran Men’s Doubles Silver
Badminton Lakshya Sen Men Single Gold
Badminton PV Sindhu Women Single Gold
Badminton Kidambi Srikanth Men Single Bronze
Cricket Indian Women’s Cricket Team Women Silver
Squash Dipika Pallikal & Saurav Ghosal Mixed Doubles Silver
Boxing Sagar Ahlawat Men’s 92 KG Silver
Boxing Amit Panghal Men’s 48kg – 51kg (Flyweight) Gold
Boxing Nitu Ghanghas Women’s 48kg Gold
Boxing Mohammed Hussamuddin Men’s 57kg Bronze
Boxing Nikhat Zareen Women’s 50kg Gold
Athletics Eldhose Paul Men’s triple jump Gold
Athletics Abdulla Aboobacker Men’s triple jump Silver
Athletics Sandeep Kumar Men’s 10 Race Walk Bronze
Athletics Annu Rani Javelin Throw Bronze
Hockey Indian Hockey Team Women’s Hockey Bronze
Wrestling Deepak Nehra Women’s 97kg Bronze
Wrestling Pooja Sihag Women’s 74kg Bronze
Para Table Tennis Bhavina Patel Women’s Table Tennis Gold
Para Table Tennis Sonalben Manubhai Patel Women’s Table Tennis Bronze
Wrestling Naveen Malik Men’s 74kg Gold
Wrestling Vinesh Phogat Women’s 53kg Gold
Wrestling Ravi Dahiya Men’s 57kg Gold
Wrestling Pooja Gahlot Women’s 50kg Bronze
Boxing Jasmine Lamboria Women’s 60kg Bronze
Lawn Bowls Sunil Bahadur, Navneet Singh, Chandan Kumar Singh, Dinesh Kumar Men’s Four Silver
Athletics Avinash Mukund Sable Men’s 3000m steeplechase Silver
Athletics Murali Sreeshankar Men’s long jump Silver
Athletics Priyanka Goswami Women’s 10,000m race walk Silver
Squash Saurav Ghosal Men’s singles Bronze
Wrestling Mohit Grewal Men’s 125kg freestyle Bronze
Wrestling Divya Kakran Women’s 68kg freestyle Bronze
Wrestling Sakshi Malik Women’s 62kg Gold
Wrestling Deepak Punia Men’s 86kg Gold
Wrestling Bajrang Punia Men’s 65kg Gold
Wrestling Anshu Malik Women’s 57kg Silver
Para Powerlifting Sudhir Gold
Weightlifting Gurdeep Singh Men’s +109kg Bronze
Athletics Tejaswin Shankar Men’s high jump Bronze
Weightlifting Jeremy Lalrinnunga Men’s 67kg Gold
Weightlifting Achinta Sheuli Men’s 73kg Gold
Weightlifting Lovepreet Singh Men’s 109kg Bronze
Weightlifting Vikas Thakur Men’s 96 kg Silver
Weightlifting Gururaja Poojary Men’s 61kg Bronze
Weightlifting Mirabai Chanbu Women’s 49kg Gold
Weightlifting Harjinder Kaur Women’s 71kg Bronze
Weightlifting Bindyarani Devi Women’s 55kg Silver
Weightlifting Sanket Sargar Men’s 55kg Silver
Badminton Mixed Badminton Team Mixed Badminton Silver
Table Tennis Indian Table Tennis Team Men’s table tennis Gold
Lawn Bowls Fours team:

Lovely Choubey, Pinki, Natanmoni Saikia, Rupa Rani Tirkey

Women’s Fours Gold
Judo Sushila Devi Likmabam Women’s 48kg Silver
Judo Tulika Maan Women’s +78kg Silver
Judo Vijay Kumar Yadav Men’s 60kg Bronze

Country Wise Commonwealth Games 2022 Medal Tally

England hosted the Commonwealth Games for the third time with Birmingham as the host. The country-wise medal tally for the Birmingham 2022 Commonwealth Games is as follows:

Rank Country Bronze Silver Gold Total
1 Australia 54 57 67 178
2 England 53 66 57 176
3 Canada 34 32 26 92
4 India 23 16 22 61
5 New Zealand 17 12 20 49
6 Scotland 27 11 13 51
7 Nigeria 14 9 12 35
8 Wales 14 6 8 28
9 South Africa 11 9 7 27
10 Malaysia 8 8 7 23
11 to 43 Others 60 56 41 157
Total 315 282 280 877

Commonwealth Games: Queen’s Baton Relay

Before the Commonwealth Games begin, a global relay known as the Queen’s Baton Relay is held. London’s Buckingham Palace hosts the Relay’s start as part of the festivities. The Queen gives the lead relay runner the baton.

  • At the Games’ Opening Ceremony, the Queen or her representative receives the baton from the final relay runner and reads the letter aloud to signal the start of the competition. The Queen’s Baton Relay is comparable to the Olympic Torch Relay.
  • At the 1958 British Empire and Commonwealth Games in Cardiff, Wales, the Relay was first performed. The Relay only travelled around England and the host nation before and during the 1994 Games.
  • The Commonwealth Games Relay in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, in 1998 was the first to visit other Commonwealth nations.
  • Coastal Sunshine The 2018 Commonwealth Games Queen’s Baton Relay was the longest in the competition’s history. The Baton covered 230,000 kilometres (150,000 miles) in 388 days as it crossed the six Commonwealth continents of Asia, Africa, the Caribbean, the Americas, Europe, and Oceania.
  • In 2017, at the sixth instalment of the Commonwealth Youth Games in Nassau, Bahamas, the Queen’s Baton was given out for the first time.

Commonwealth Games Ceremonies

The ceremonies in the Commonwealth Games are as follows:

  • Opening Ceremony: Several elements surround the opening ceremony of the Commonwealth Games, which is performed before the activities. The national anthem of the host nation is frequently sung before raising the flag for the occasion. The flags of the current hosting country, the following hosting country, and the Commonwealth Games Federation banner are all flown during the opening ceremony.

The host nation then performs a musical, singing, dancing, and dramatic acts pertinent to its culture. The creative performances have increased in size and sophistication as each host tries to deliver a more memorable ceremony than its predecessor. The Delhi Games’ opening ceremony reportedly cost $70 million, with a large portion going on artistic components.

  • Closing Ceremony: The Commonwealth Games closing ceremony follows the conclusion of all sporting competitions. Athletes enter the stadium without regard to nationality after flag bearers from each participating country. Following the closing comments by the CGF and organizing committee presidents, the Games are officially adjourned.

The CGF President also covers the game’s administration. The Commonwealth Games flag is given by the mayor of the city that held the Games to the CGF president, who then passes it on to the mayor of the town that will host the following Commonwealth Games. The next host nation then briefly introduces itself through artistic performances of its theatre and dance.

  • Medal Presentation: A medal ceremony is conducted once each event has finished. A three-tiered podium presents medals to the top-finishing individuals or teams. The national flags of the three medalists are raised as the national song of the nation with the gold medal plays after a CGF member presents the medals.

During the award ceremonies, volunteers from the host nation act as hosts by supporting the presenters of the medals and carrying the flag.

Commonwealth Games 2022 UPSC

Given that it has recently been in the headlines, there is a high probability that a UPSC current affairs question will be about the “Commonwealth Games 2022.” To make preparing for the exam easier, our subject matter expert has compiled the most useful notes on this topic. Candidates are encouraged to read the entire post and download the Commonwealth Games UPSC notes PDF for quick revision as the UPSC exam approaches nearer.

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