National Highways – List of Total and Important National Highways in India

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 14th, 2023

The national highways in India are a network of compartment roads owned by the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways. Presently, the longest among the National Highways in India is National Highway 44, stretching over 4,112 km. Most existing highways are nowadays four-lane roads (two routes in separate directions) and are in the process of being developed to six or more lanes. Some divisions of the network are toll highways.

There are 599 national highways in India, built and supervised by public works departments (PWD) of state governments, the National Highways and Infrastructure Development Corporation Limited (NHIDCL), and the Central Public Works Department (CPWD). This article will illustrate the total number of national highways in India, their state-wise length, and important facts about them.

What is National Highway?

2.7% of the road networks form national highways. These are considered essential for transit and transportation. The National Highways Authority India Act led to the establishment of the highways. India’s road network is highly renowned and it holds the position of second-largest road network in the world. The major national highways in India are-

  • NH 65
  • NH 147
  • NH 41
  • NH 138

List of Important National Highways in India

The table indicates the list of national highways in India, their old and new highway number, and the Indian states or union territories through which they run.

National Highways in India Old Number NH New Number Serial No. in NH Act, 1956 National Highways in India State-wise
NH 9 NH 65 196 Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Telangana
NH 8 D NH 151 171 Gujarat
NH 8 C NH 147 154 Gujarat
NH 8 A NH 41 139 Gujarat
NH 8 NH 48 (Golden Quadrilateral) 157 Delhi, Gujarat, Haryana, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu
NH 79 NH 156 184 Rajasthan
NH 7 A NH 138 131 Tamil Nadu
NH 7 NH 135 123 Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh
NH 56 NH 731 110 Uttar Pradesh
NH 55 NH 110 34 West Bengal
NH 5

NH 6

NH 60

NH 217

NH 16 (Golden Quadrilateral) 49 Odisha, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, West Bengal
NH 47 C NH 966 A 204 Kerala
NH 47 A NH 966 B 205 Kerala
NH 47 NH 544 147 Kerala, Tamil Nadu
NH 4 B NH 348 161 Maharashtra
NH 4 A NH 748 165 Goa, Karnataka
NH 39 NH 129 98 Assam, Nagaland
NH 38 & NH 153 NH 315 45 Assam, Arunachal Pradesh
NH 35 NH 112 37 West Bengal
NH 30 NH 319 65 Bihar
NH 3

NH 50

NH 60 188 Maharashtra
NH 2B NH 114 40 West Bengal
NH 2A NH 519 66 Uttar Pradesh
NH 24 NH 530 102 Uttar Pradesh
NH 23 NH 320 71 Jharkhand
NH 223 NH 4 12 Andaman & Nicobar Islands
NH 21

NH 22

NH 95

NH 5 13 Chandigarh, Himachal Pradesh, Haryana, Punjab
NH 2 NH 19 (Golden Quadrilateral) 63 Bihar, Delhi, Haryana, Jharkhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal
NH 18

NH 4

NH 40 136 Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh
NH 152 NH 127 A 87 Assam
NH 12 NH 45 336 Madhya Pradesh, Chattisgarh
NH 11 A NH 148 158 Rajasthan
NH 11 NH 21 73 Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh
NH 1 B NH 244 144 Jammu & Kashmir
NH 1 A and NH 1 D NH 1 1 Jammu & Kashmir

History of National Highways in India

The National Highways Act (1956) provided the state’s investment in constructing and maintaining the national highways in India. The National Highways Authority of India was founded by the National Highways Authority of India Act 1988. Following was the sequence of events in the history of national highways.

Year Important Events Related to National Highway in India
1998 Launched a huge program of highway upgrades called the National Highways Development Project (NHDP).

Highways linking Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai, and Kolkata were fully paved and broadened into four-lane highways.

2010 A new systematic numbering system (based on the orientation and the geographic place of the highway) was adopted by the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways.
2014 Initiated the functioning of National Highways and Infrastructure Development Corporation Limited.
2018 Bharatmala, a centrally-sponsored and funded highways project of the Government of India, was started.
2021-2022 Phase I of the Bharatmala project concerns the building of 34,800 km of highways.

Functions of NHIDCL or National Highways and Infrastructure Development Corporation Limited

National Highways and Infrastructure Development Corporation Limited, abbreviated as NHIDCL, is a Government company owned by the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways.

  • It was assembled to create, support, and handle the national highways in India and other infrastructures.
  • It works as a specialized agency in border and high-altitude zones.
  • It was committed to upgrading regional connectivity in regions that share international borders.
  • It is liable for managing National Highways in the mountainous topography of Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Ladakh, the North-East part of India, and Uttarakhand.
  • NHIDCL is also making logistic epicenters such as container depots, bus dockyards, computerized multilevel parking of cars, etc.

Total National Highway in India Length (State-Wise)

Comprehend the total number of national highways in India, and their overall length, and know which is the longest national highway in India. The National Highways in India’s total length is 132500 Kms.

State Length of National Highways in India (in Kms)
Maharashtra 17756.6
Uttar Pradesh 11736.8
Rajasthan 9988.8
Madhya Pradesh 8772.3
Karnataka 7334.8
Tami Nadu 6741.5
Gujarat 6635
Andhra Pradesh 6529.5
Odisha 5761.5
Bihar 5030.6
Assam 3908.5
Telangana 3795.5
Punjab 3769.5
West Bengal 3664.5
Chattisgarh 3605.8
Jharkhand 3366.8
Haryana 3097.6
Uttarakhand 2949.3
Himachal Pradesh 2606.9
Arunachal Pradesh 2537.4
Kerala 1781.6
Manipur 1750.3
Nagaland 1547.7
Mizoram 1422.5
Meghalaya 1155.6
Tripura 853.8
Sikkim 463
Goa 292.9

Interesting Facts about NH in India

The government undertook the Bharatmala Project to build Economic Corridors with approximately 26,000 km length, accompanying North-South, East-West (NS-EW), and Golden Quadrilateral (GQ) Corridors anticipated holding the major shipment traffic on highways.

  • National highways in India are designed by the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways.
  • The authority to declare any route as a National Highway in India lies in the hands of the Central Government, which incorporates it into the Schedule.
  • The growth, care, and surveillance of the national highways of India are supervised by the self-supported body called the NHAI, or the National Highways Authority of India.

National Highways in India Map

The map indicates the major national highways in India. The map illustrates the complete details of the national highways in India.

National Highways in India Map

National Highways in India UPSC

Aspiring UPSC candidates must be aware of the list of major national highways, a crucial GK topic. Questions can be asked in UPSC prelims regarding the national highways. IAS Exam aspirants should know the relevant facts about the topic as it is an essential topic that comes under the Geography section of the UPSC exam.

The candidates can also refer to Geography Notes for UPSC to avoid skipping any important part of the Geography syllabus from where questions can be put up in the Prelims and Mains exam.

National Highways in India MCQs

Practising the relevant questions from the topic will help the candidates in getting a firm hold of the syllabus and the topics. Detailed knowledge of the topics will enable the candidates in gaining proficiency and uplifting their level of preparation. Check here the list of the national highway in India UPSC questions.

Question: What is the longest Indian National Higheway? [A] NH-1, [B] NH-44 [C] NH10 [D]NH- 2

Answer: (Option B) NH 44

Question: Which highway serves to be a connection between Sikkim and the rest of India? [A] National Highway 32A [B] National Highway 28 [C] National Highway 10 [D] National Highway 28A

Answer: (Option C) National Highway 10

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