How to Study Geography for UPPSC PCS Prelims? Know Important Topics to Score Good Marks in Exam!

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: September 13th, 2023

UPPSC PCS Prelims Geography Important Tips: Geography is an important part of the UPPSC Syllabus and each year a considerable number of questions are asked in UPPSC Prelims and Main Exam. The syllabus of Geography overlaps with other subjects covering Economics (like Iron Steel industries), Agriculture (Soils, Irrigation), Environment (Types of Vegetation, etc). Even demography with maps and current affairs is also a part of its core area. So, it is more important to have a good understanding of this subject.

This article provides a complete strategy with important topics to focus on while preparing geography for UPSC Prelims.

S. No.

Year Number of Questions Asked
1 2021 22
2 2020 24
3 2019 21
4 2018 22
5 2017 24
6 2016 24

Important sources of Geography 

S. No.


Book Name

Author Name

Publication House


Physical Geography


  • Class XI NCERT (Fundamentals of Physical Geography)



  • Certificate Physical And Human Geography


 Goh Cheng Leong  Oxford University Press
  •  India and World Geography
 Majid Hussain  Mc Graw Hill
 Indian Geography   
  • Class IX NCERT: Contemporary India Part-I


  • Class X NCERT: Contemporary India Part-II




Human Geography


  • Class XII NCERT: Fundamentals of Human Geography




  • Class XII NCERT: India, People, and Economy





  • The Oxford student atlas for India

Oxford University Press

Oxford University Press

Important Areas to be focussed in Geography

  • Physical geography: Origin of the earth, Minerals (Highest Producer), Rocks and Rocks Cycle
  • Indian geography: Physiography (Nelong Valley, UK), Mountain Pass, Mountain Range, Coastal part, Geological Age, Census, Agriculture (Crop, Fruit varieties), Irrigation and Land Resources, Industries (Special Reference to UP, PSU), and Minerals and Energy (Power Plants).
  • World geography: Physiography (World Mountain, Grassland, Political Geography, Rivers and Lakes, Ports, Suez Canal, Agriculture, Highest Producer.
  • Climatology: Indian Monsoon, El Nino, La Nino, Indian Ocean dipole, Latitude, Longitude, Inclination, Coriolis force.
  • Oceanography: Ocean Current, Streams, Type of Current

Many Aspirants find geography boring and confusing because one needs to read a lot of facts and concepts. Here we are providing some tips that would surely help you ace this subject!

  • Read the UPPCS 2021 syllabus many times so that you can know precisely what must be learned from your study material. Start with the NCERT’s and after that refer to higher-level books.
  • The questions asked in the UPPCS exam is more factual and the fact-based questions are related to the location, names of physical features, and the largest and highest.
  • In UPPCS Exam, the examiner attempts to test a candidate’s factual and conceptual understanding. Thus getting hold of fundamentals should be the primary aim.
  • Like every other subject, geography is also linked with facts, names, and numbers hence, it is important to keep a note of these figures.
  • Most of the geography-based questions are directly/indirectly linked with maps. Location of important cities, physical features, river system, passes, and peaks should be studied from maps (India and World).
  • Most of the sub-topics are dynamically linked with National and International events. Thus it is very important for every aspirant to study in the same manner.
  • The aspirants need to focus on all the basic questions from the previous year’s papers to get a good hold on questions trends and conceptual understanding.
  • Aspirants should join a standard test series to keep preparation on track and to know the surprising areas and patterns in which questions could be asked.
  • On a daily basis, a lot of Geographical phenomena like earthquakes, tsunami, landslides, etc are covered in the newspapers so when you read about them, relate them to what you have read in the textbooks.
  • To ensure success, keep the strategy very simple, stick to basics, have a clear conceptual understanding, and revise and revisit what you have learned.
Important Related Links

UPPCS Study Material/Plan 2022 (Hindi/English)

UPPSC PCS Exam Strategy

UPPSC Mock Test Series 2022

Important Revision Techniques for UPPSC PCS Prelims 2021 Examination

UPPSC Syllabus 2022: Prelims & Mains

UPPSC PCS Question Papers

Practice UPPCS Question Papers


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