How to Study GS 3 for UPPSC Mains Exam? Know Important Tips to Score Good Marks in Exam!

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: September 13th, 2023

UPPSC Mains Exam GS 3 Preparation Tips: The UPPSC Exam requires rigorous and continuous study to crack in the final selection. The questions to be asked in the General Studies Paper of UPPSC Mains Exam from various subjects like History, Polity, Geography, Economics, Science & technology, etc. There are four GS papers in the UPPSC PCS Mains exam. This article is focused on GS paper – 3.

UPPSC Mains General Studies Paper-III is a subjective type and consists of Economics, Science & Technology, Agriculture, Security & Disaster Management, UP Specific Knowledge, etc. Before getting ready for the Preparation of the UPPCS Mains Exam, the aspirants must have an idea of the pattern so that they can cover the topics given in the syllabus. This article provides a complete strategy with important topics & books for the UPPSC PCS General Studies Paper- III.

Let us look at the detailed syllabus for the UPPSC PCS General Studies Paper-III.

General Studies Paper-III Syllabus

Sr. No. Subject Syllabus
1 Economics
  • Economic planning in India, objectives, and achievements. Role of NITI Aayog, Pursuit of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
  • Issues of Poverty, Unemployment, Social justice and inclusive growth.
  • Components of Government Budgets and Financial System.
  • Effects of liberalization and globalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy, and their effects on industrial growth.
2 Science & Technology
  • Science and technology developments and applications in everyday life and in National Security, India’s Science and Technology Policy.
  • Achievements of Indians in science & technology, indigenization of technology.
  • Developments of New technologies, transfer of technology, dual and critical use technologies.
  • Awareness in the fields of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) and Space Technology, Computers, Energy resources, nanotechnology, microbiology, biotechnology. Issues relating to intellectual property rights (IPR), and digital rights.
3 Agriculture
  • Major Crops, Different types of irrigation and irrigation systems, storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce, e-technology in the aid of farmers.
  • Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices, Public Distribution System- objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping, buffer stocks and food security issues, and technology missions in agriculture.
  • Food processing and related industries in India- scope and significance, location, upstream and downstream requirements, supply chain management. 
  • Land reforms in India since independence.
  • Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways, etc.
4 Security & Disaster Management
  • Environmental security and Ecosystems, Conservation of Wildlife, Biodiversity, Environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.
  • Disaster as a Non-traditional security and safety challenge, disaster mitigation and management.
  • Challenges of International Security: Issues of Nuclear proliferation, Causes and spread of extremism, Communication networks, the role of media and social networking, Basics of cybersecurity, money laundering, and human trafficking.
  • India’s internal security challenges: Terrorism, corruption, insurgency, and organized crimes.
  • Role, kind, and mandate of security forces, Higher defence organizations in India
5 UP Specific Knowledge
  • Specific knowledge of Uttar Pradesh Economy:- Overview of UP Economy: State Budgets. Importance of Agriculture, Industry, Infrastructure and physical resources. Human Resources and Skill development. Government Programmes and Welfare Schemes.
  • Issues agriculture, Horticulture, Forestry, and Animal Husbandry.
  • Law and Order and Civil Defence with special reference to U.P

Here we are providing the list of important books that will help you to get good marks in the UPPSC PCS General Studies Paper-3.

Recommended books for UPPSC PCS GS Paper – 1


Book Name

Author Name

Publication House


NCERT Economics Books (6-12)



Indian Economy

Ramesh Singh

Mc Graw Hill

Indian Economy

Shankar Ganesh

Mc Graw Hill

General Science 

NCERT Science Books (6-12)


General Knowledge


Manorama Yearbook

Mammen Mathew Malayala Manorama Press

 Here are some of the materials that will boost your preparation

  1. The newspaper you should read: The Hindu, The Economic Times of India
  2. Magazines you should follow: Pratiyogita Darpan, Yojana, Kurukshetra, Ghatna Chakra & Down to Earth
  3. Economic Survey of UP
  4. Census of Uttar Pradesh
  5. NCERT Books and NIOS for Environment and Ecology
  6. Yojana for Disaster Management

Here are some of the important tips that will help you in the preparation of UPPSC PCS General Studies Paper-III.

Analyze the previous years’ question papers – You already have less time left to study each and everything, so to score good marks in exams, you need to utilize your time efficiently. You need to begin with an analysis of past years’ question papers as per the syllabus for your upcoming exams. 

Do not take frequent/longer breaks while studying – Many aspirants sometimes take longer study breaks than usual, this way they only waste their time. So It is advised to take breaks in between your preparation, but the time duration and number of breaks are not mentioned by any of them. You can take 15 minutes to break every 45 minutes round of study.

Sleep well and eat healthily – The most important thing to remember is that you must eat healthily and rest well to keep yourself attentive while studying. For this,

  • You should sleep for 6-7 hours
  • Eat healthy like fruits, veggies, fruit juice/smoothies only.
  • Do some exercise and meditation, it will improve your physical and mental fitness.
  • Also, please avoid junk food, sugar-coated products, and caffeine as these things make your body more tired and you cannot focus while studying

Do not multitask while studying. Set a time to study in advance and then follow through, don’t do another thing at that time just study. You can turn off visual/auditory distractions, including iPods, Facebook, and music with lyrics.

Use Flashcards: Flashcards are a good memorization tool. Reduce your summary notes into bullet points, keywords, lists, formulas, and diagrams and place them onto a card for each topic.

Positive Attitude: Keep a positive attitude about the exam. Do not feel overconfident or not low, just keep a positive attitude and environment.

Important Related Links

UPPCS Study Material/Plan 2022 (Hindi/English)

UPPSC PCS Exam Strategy

UPPSC Mock Test Series 2022

Important Revision Techniques for UPPSC PCS Prelims 2022 Examination

UPPSC Syllabus 2022: Prelims & Mains

UPPSC PCS Question Papers

Practice UPPCS Question Papers


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