How to Study GS 1 for UPPSC Mains Exam? Know Important Tips to Score Good Marks in Exam!

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: September 13th, 2023

UPPSC Mains Exam GS 1 Preparation Tips: UPPSC PCS is conducted by UPPSC (Uttar Pradesh Public Service Commission) is one of the coveted Exams of Uttar Pradesh. There are eight papers including four GS papers in the UPPSC PCS Mains exam. This article is focused on GS paper – 1.

UPPSC Mains General Studies Paper-I is a subjective type and consists of History, Geography, Art and Culture, and Indian Society topics. Before gearing up for the Preparation of UPPCS Mains Exam, the aspirants must have an idea of the pattern so that they can cover the topics given in the syllabus. This article provides a complete strategy with important topics & books for the UPPSC PCS General Studies Paper- 1.

Let us look at the detailed syllabus for the UPPSC PCS General Studies Paper-I.

General Studies Paper-I Syllabus

S. No. Subject Syllabus  
1 History
  • History of Indian Culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, literature, and Architecture from ancient to modern times.
  • Modern Indian history (from A.D.1757 to A.D. 1947): Significant events, personalities, and issues, etc.
  • The Freedom Struggle- its various stages and important contributors/contributions from different parts of the country.
  • Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country (till 1965A.D.).
  • The history of the world will include events from the 18th century to the middle of the 20th century such as the French revolution of 1789, the industrial revolution, World Wars, redraw of national boundaries, Socialism, Nazism, Fascism etc-their forms and effect on the society.
2 Indian Society
  • Salient features of Indian Society and culture.
  • Role of Women in society and women’s organization, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems, and their remedies.
  • Meaning of liberalization, privatization, and globalization and their effects on the economy, polity, and social structure.
  • Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism.
3 Geography
  • Distribution of major natural resources of World- Water, Soils, Forests in reference to South and South-East Asia with special reference to India. Factors responsible for the location of industries (with special reference to India).
  • Salient features of Physical Geography- Earthquake, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, Cyclone, Ocean Currents, winds, and glaciers.
  • Oceanic resources of India and their potential.
  • The human migration-refugee problem of the World with a focus on India.
  • Frontiers and boundaries with reference to the Indian sub-continent.
  • Population and Settlements- Types and Patterns, Urbanization, Smart Cities and Smart Villages.
4 Art & Culture
  • Specific knowledge of Uttar Pradesh – History, Culture, Art, Architecture, Festival, Folk-Dance, Literature, Regional Languages, Heritage, Social Customs, and Tourism.
  • Specific knowledge of U.P.- Geography- Human and Natural Resources, Climate, Soils, Forest, Wild-Life, Mines and Minerals, Sources of Irrigation

 Here we are providing the list of important books that will help you to get good marks in the UPPSC PCS General Studies Paper-1.

Recommended books for UPPSC PCS GS Paper – 1

Subject Book Name or Resource Author Name Publication
History NCERT History Books (6-12)    
India’s Ancient History R. S. Sharma Oxford University Press
History of Modern India Bipin Chandra Orient Black Swan
A Brief History of Modern India Spectrum Books Pvt.Ltd. Spectrum Books Pvt.Ltd.
A History of Medieval India Satish Chandra Orient Black Swan
India Since Independence Bipin Chandra Penguin Random House India
Indian Society

Magazines: Pratiyogita Darpan, Yojana, Kurukshetra, Ghatna Chakra & Down to Earth, Reports of NGOs, international organizations etc

Geography NCERT Geography Books (6-12)    

Certificate Physical And Human Geography

Goh Cheng Leong Oxford University Press
Geography of India Majid Hussain Mc Graw Hill
India a Comprehensive Geography D.R. KHULLAR Kalyani Publishers
The Oxford student atlas for India Oxford University Press Oxford University Press

 Here are some of the important tips that will help you in the preparation of UPPSC PCS General Studies Paper-I.

  • Read the UPPCS 2021 GS paper – 1 syllabus many times so that you can know precisely what must be learned from your study material. 
  • Starts from NCERT first clear your concept from NCERT, after reading concepts from NCERTs, daily news update is often sufficient to cover most of the questions.
  • As the syllabus is vast it’s very important to know what to read first.  Thus, aspirants should focus on areas that cover maximum questions and if left with time then focus should be on low priority areas.
  • First of all the UPPSC aspirants should go through the Previous Year Question Papers of UPPSC Mains Exam to find out the weightage of each and every subject and then they should make their strategy for the Preparation of UPPSC Mains Exam accordingly.
  • Practice! Practice! Practice! Mock and Previous year papers are some of the best ways to check your understanding.
  • Read any standard newspaper, sometimes question directly asked from current scenarios. 
  • Make sure you just have to crack the exam not taking any PhD in the subject,  So, read the articles which are relevant
Important Related Links

UPPCS Study Material/Plan 2021 (Hindi/English)

UPPSC PCS Exam Strategy

UPPSC Mock Test Series 2021

Important Revision Techniques for UPPSC PCS Prelims 2021 Examination

UPPSC Syllabus 2021: Prelims & Mains

UPPSC PCS Question Papers

Practice UPPCS Question Papers

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