Give the Three Chief Characteristics of the Alluvial Soil.

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: September 25th, 2023

The three chief characteristics of the Alluvial soil are it is a transported soil, rich in minerals such as potash, and it is an essential soil for agriculture. Alluvial soil refers to loose sediments or soil that has been eroded by rainwater. In addition to bigger sand and gravel particles, it frequently contains tiny silt and clay particles. It is formed when sand, silt, and clay are dumped on flat ground or in basins. This soil is suitable for agriculture because it contains a significant amount of minerals like lime, phosphoric acid, etc.

Three Chief Characteristics of the Alluvial Soil

The alluvial soil is very much fertile in nature. It is mostly used for growing vegetables. Alluvial soil is made up of various mixtures of silt, clay and sand. The silt that the Indo-Gangetic and Brahmaputra rivers deposit leads to the formation of alluvial soils. The action of the waves creates alluvial soil along the coast.

Surface water deposition is the source of alluvial soils. They can be found in deltas, near rivers, and floodplains on stream terraces, and in places known as alluvial fans. It is one of the most productive soils because it has a high porosity and uses the least amount of water. 

  • Alluvial soil can range in texture from silt clays to drift sand and rich, loamy soil. 
  • It makes up more than 46% of India’s total land area, making it one of the richest nations in the world.
  • Due to their location in river basins and formation when rivers and streams slow their flow, alluvial soil is also referred to as riverine soil.


Give the Three Chief Characteristics of the Alluvial Soil.

The three chief characteristics of the alluvial soil are good fertility, good for vegetable production, and porous & light in nature. The Indo-Gangetic Plain has the greatest concentration of alluvial soils, beginning in the east with Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal, and Assam. Northern Gujarat also has some alluvial soil coverage.

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