Indian Army, Navy, Air Force Ranks - Insignia, Rank Structure

By Naveen Singh|Updated : December 16th, 2022

Indian Army, Navy, and Air Force Rank third, ninth, and sixth worldwide in terms of largest. Indian Army, Navy, and Air Force is one of the world’s largest volunteer Armed Forces. Many of you are eager to join the Indian Armed Forces, so here we provide you with Army, Navy, Air Force ranks.

This information is very important for those who appear in the SSB interview, as it is seen that the assessor asks about the equivalent Indian Armed Forces ranks. Also, check common rank in Indian Navy and Army along with rank structure of Indian Army, Navy and Airforce.

Table of Content

Indian Army, Navy, Air Force Ranks

The Army, Navy, Air Force ranks are a hierarchical relationship system used in institutions like the armed forces, intelligence services, and others that are structured along military lines. There must be a hierarchy for every person in a given organization for it to function. There is a maintained rank structure of Indian Army, Navy and Airforce based on which powers are granted to these Armed Forces.

The rank structure of Indian Army, Navy and Airforce can be categorized in several. Below we have provided a detailed insight into Army, Navy, Air Force ranks.

Indian Armed Forces Ranks: Commissioned Officers

As per Army, Navy, Air Force ranks, they are Grade-A officers who join the Indian Army through exams such as NDA, CDS, TGC, TES, TA etc. They lead the men into the battlefield & command platoon/company to brigades, division, corps, and the whole army.

Defence Rank Structure: Personnel Below Officer Rank (PBOR)

According to the Army, Navy, Air Force ranks, they are soldiers who execute responsibilities assigned to them by the commissioned officers. They are recruited through exams like Air Force Group X & Y, Indian Navy Recruitment, MR, and AA. They are further classified into:

  1. JCO’s (Junior Commissioned Officer)
  2. NCO’s (Non-Commissioned Officer)

The tables below provides information about equivalent in the Indian Armed Forces ranks. The Army, Navy, and Air Force JCO equivalent ranks are:

Army, Navy, Air Force Ranks for JCO
ArmyNavyAir Force
Subedar MajorMaster Chief Petty Officer (First Class)Master Warrant Officer
SubedarMaster Chief Petty Officer (Second Class)Warrant Officer
Naib SubedarChief Petty OfficerJunior Warrant Officer

The equivalent Army, Navy, and Air Force ranks for NCO are as follows:

Army, Navy, Air Force Ranks for NCO
ArmyNavyAir Force
HavaldarPetty OfficerSergeant
NaikLeading RateCorporal
Lance NaikSeaman 1st ClassLeading Aircraftsman
SepoySeaman 2nd ClassAircraftsman

Rank Structure of Indian Army, Navy and Airforce

Here we are sharing the Indian Armed Forces ranks for officers in Army, Navy and Air Force. Candidates can check the equivalent structure of the Army, Navy, Air Force ranks below:

Army, Navy, Air Force Ranks

Indian Navy

Indian Army

Indian Air Force

Admiral of the fleet

Field Marshal

Marshal of the Air Force

Admiral

General

Air Chief Marshal

Rear Admiral

Lieutenant General

Air Marshal

Vice admiral

Major General

Air Vice Marshal

Commodore

Brigadier

Air Commodore

Captain

Colonel

Group Captain

Commander

Lieutenant Colonel

Wing Commander

Lieutenant commander

Major

Squadron Leader

Lieutenant 

Captain

Flight Lieutenant

Sub lieutenant

Lieutenant

Flying Officer

Indian Army, Navy, Air Force Ranks: Insignia

Insignia or shoulder insignia is a badge that represents the ranks of an officer or a person below officer rank. The badges provide a distinction between various Army, Navy, Air Force ranks of the Armed Forces. Below is an image that represents the insignia used by armed forces for various Indian Armed Forces ranks:

Indian Armed Forces Ranks: Army Insignia

The insignia of Commissioned Officers in Indian Army is as follows:

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Indian Armed Forces Ranks: PBOR Insignia

The insignia of Personnel Below Officer Rank (PBOR) in Indian Army is as follows:

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Defence Rank Structure: Indian Navy Insignia

The insignia of Indian Armed Forces ranks in Indian Navy is as follows:

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Indian Armed Forces Ranks: PBOR Insignia

The insignia of Personnel Below Officer Rank (PBOR) in Indian Navy is as follows:

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Defence Rank Structure: Indian Air Force Insignia

The insignia of Commissioned Officers in Indian Air Forceis as follows:

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Indian Armed Forces Ranks: PBOR Insignia

The insignia of Personnel Below Officer Rank (PBOR) in Indian Air Force is as follows:

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Special Facts about Indian Armed Forces Ranks

Here are some peculiar details concerning the Army, Navy, and Air Force ranks that any candidate for the Defense should be aware of:

  • The rank of Field Marshal is a ceremonial rank and has been conferred only to two officers of the Indian Army - Field Marshal Sam Manekshaw (1973) & Field Marshal K.M Carriappa (1983).
  • The rank of Marshal of the Air Force is the ceremonial rank of the Indian Air Force and has been conferred once in 2002 to Marshal of the Indian Air Force Arjan Singh.
  • The highest rank in the Indian Navy - Admiral of the fleet has not yet been conferred yet.

Also, check:

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FAQs on Indian Army, Navy, Air Force Ranks

  • As per the Indian Armed Forces ranks, the equivalent rank of a Field Marshal in the Indian Air Force is Marshal of the Air Force. Marshal of the Air Force is the highest attainable rank in the Indian Air Force.

  • As per the Army, Navy, Air Force ranks, the President of India is the commander in chief of the Indian Armed Forces. The Government of India, the nation's chosen political leadership, controls the Indian Armed Forces, as is the case in all democracies.

  • The rank of Field Marshal in the Indian Army is a ceremonial rank, till date, it has been conferred only to two officers of the Indian Army - Field Marshal Sam Manekshaw (1973) & Field Marshal K.M Carriappa (1983).

  • When an aspirant clears the CDS exam, As per the Indian defence Force rank structure, he will undergo training in his respective training academy. After the competition of his/her training, he gets commissioned into Indian Armed Forces as per the ranking mentioned below:

    • Indian Army: Lieutenant
    • Indian Air Force: Flying Officer
    • Indian Navy: Sub Lieutenant

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