English section of the NDA exam comprises of 50 questions with a total of 200 marks, and Reading comprehension questions make up for about 40-45 marks out of this total score. Hence, in order to score better in the English section, one must attempt the Reading Comprehension questions in NDA exam with accuracy.
Tips to Solve Reading Comprehension Questions in the NDA Exam
The reading comprehension questions of the NDA exams are usually based on short passages and with enough practice, one can easily solve these questions without taking up too much time. So, without any further delay, let us see how should you solve the reading comprehension questions in the National Defence Academy and Naval Academy exam.
NDA Exam Tip 1: Read the questions first and passage later
Some questions require that you read the entire passage with an analytical state of mind to get answers. Some examples of such questions are:
1. What is the tone of the passage?
2. According to the passage, what do you think can be the profession of the person who has written it?
3. What could be the most appropriate title for the above-given passage?
On the other hand, some questions are of the type where you need not read analytically as the answer is given in a straightforward manner in the passage itself. For instance, consider the below-given passage.
“The solar system is a centrifugal force bound system which consists of the sun and other celestial objects that orbit it directly or indirectly. The largest eight planets and other small objects such as dwarf planets revolve around the sun directly. The objects that revolve around the sun indirectly are the natural and man-made satellites of these planets.
The earth is one of the large planets that orbit the sun. What makes the earth unique is that it is the only planet that has an atmosphere and hence, supports life in all forms. There may be other planets that may support life in other parts of the universe, but the earth is the only one in the solar system.”
Questions from this passage may appear in this form:
1. What does a planet move around?
c) Other Planets
2. Why does the writer of the passage feel that the earth is unique in the solar system?
a) It is the only planet that supports life in all forms
b) It is closer to the sun
c) It is larger as compared to a few other planets
d) It has many satellites
Now such questions have answers that can directly be derived from the passage and you need not read the passage thoroughly.
Hence, when it comes to reading comprehensions, you should read the questions first and decide whether a thorough reading of the passage is needed or will skimming through the passage suffice. However, sometimes the questions following a single passage may be of both the types, which will require you to read the passage thoroughly.
NDA Exam Tip 2: Tone of the Passage
At times the questions are asked with reference to the tone of the passage. In such cases, you are required to have a good understanding of the different types of tones. The tones are broadly classified into subjective or objective. An objective tone is used when the author remains neutral. On the other hand, a subjective tone reveals the emotions of the author with respect to the issue being addressed in the passage. Some types of tones are:
- An acerbic tone conveys dislike or disapproval for something or someone
- An angry tone is similar to an acerbic tone and shows the author’s anger over something or someone
- An apologetic tone expresses guilt or remorse about some kind of incident that has occurred in the past
- A biased tone indicates arguments in favour of a particular theory or belief
- A condescending tone implies a patronizing superiority of a person or thing
- A contemptuous tone exhibits the author’s disdain towards the subject in the passage
- A cynical tone shows apprehension or distrust towards an issue
- A euphemistic tone conveys the author’s dislike without being offensive
- A grandiose tone is used in abstract style passages to make them appear more elaborative than necessary
- A humorous tone is used to convey the author’s message in a light-hearted and witty manner
- In a technical tone, the author uses a lot of jargon. This tone also involves lots of facts and figures
- An introspective tone is used to analyse or contemplate the author’s actions
- A motivating tone is used to inspire and propel people through the use of motivational quotes and examples
- Laudatory tones are used to praise something or someone that the author admires
- Pedestrian tones are used in passages that are not complex. Such passages talk about commonplace things or ideas
NDA Exam Tip 3: Synonyms, antonyms, and meanings
Often, some questions are of the form where a substitute, meaning, or opposite of a particular word is asked. You should brush up on your synonyms, antonyms, and word meanings so that such questions can be tackled easily. These questions are straightforward and require that you only read the sentence where that particular word appears to understand the context of the word. An example of such question is given below.
Suppose a given passage consists of the word, 'dogmatic' in one of its sentences, then the question may be framed as:
In the passage given above, which word would most suitably replace the word “dogmatic”?
NDA Exam Tip 4: Main idea of a passage
Questions related to the main idea of a passage will ask you to identify the primary purpose or point of the passage. In other words, you need to identify the crux of the author’s point of view or opinion. In many ways, these questions are similar to identifying the conclusion of the passage. The best way to solve them would be to read the passage thoroughly and look for statements in favour of a particular point of view. While this may seem tricky at first, consistent practice will habituate you to these kinds of questions.
NDA Exam Tip 5: Inference derived from the passage
Such questions are of the type “it can be inferred from the passage that”. Inferences are quite similar to supporting ideas as they require you to stick to the passage and rely on facts. Here, the answer lies directly in the passage and requires a small logical step. Assumptions should not be made to decide the answer of such questions. For instance, if a statement says “all the chairs in the room are occupied”, an inference would be that “no chair in the room is empty”. Another example of such a question is “the author implies that x occurred because”. Here, x represents the incident in question and an inference is to be derived from it.
Hoping this article will be helpful to you. We will be posting more such articles related to preparation strategy in coming days. Join our NDA online classes for females as well as for males to prepare for the NDA 1, 2 exams in an efficient way. As well as test your preparation level for NDA by joining BYJU'S Exam Prep. test series.
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