Important Judgement Passed by the Supreme Court in India 2019 (Part 2): Download PDF

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: September 11th, 2023

Dear Aspirants, 

In continuation with our series, in this article, we are here providing the second part of the Important Judgements Passed by the Supreme Court in 2019. 

5. Chief Justice of India Accused in Sexual Harassment Case

Chief Justice of India, Mr Ranjan Gogoi was accused by an ex-staff of the Supreme Court of India that Justice Gogoi tried to sexually harass the ex-staff twice in the month of October (when Mr Gogoi sworn as the CJI).

  • Mr. Gogoi denied all the charges he was accused saying that he was not guilty and stated that all the charges against him are ‘false’ and something to ‘destabilize the judiciary’.
  • The ex-employee filed an affidavit on April 19, 2019. After doing so, an in-house committee of 3 judges was formed consisting of two female judges to look into the case thoroughly.
  • It is worth noticing that the details of the inquiry were never made public due to which many people felt that this method was unfair and discriminatory to the victim.
  • Also, it is said that the victim was not allowed to present any video/audio footage to the court during the proceedings, her lawyer was also not present during the proceedings and to top it all, she was also not aware of the procedure adopted by the court to review the case.
  • After completely reviewing all the scenarios, the bench gave the decision and Justice Gogoi was then given a ‘clean chit’ on April 20, 2019.

(Case Name: In Regards: Matter of Great Public Importance (Touching Upon The Independence of The Judiciary))

 6. Rafale Deal Controversy

The Rafale deal controversy is a more of a political controversy which is related to the procurement of 36-multirole fighter-aircraft for a price of €7.8 billion (approximately) by the Ministry of Defence of India from France’s Dassault Aviation.

  • According to the petitioners, the PM of India, Mr Narendra Modi made this deal for 36 fighter planes, but the petitioners stated that the deal is not being conducted the way it should be as per the initial agreement.
  • In the petition, the litigants mentioned that there is a variance in the decision-making process, there are irregularities in the prices that were quoted initially, also there is the inclusion of some offset partners in the deal which might lead to corruption at PM’s end.
  • In 2018, after hearing both the prosecution and the defendant’s side, the court decided that there was no trail of corruption from the PM’s end and also upheld the Rafale Deal. On April 10, 2019, the court dismissed all the petitions held against the deal stating that it has limited jurisdiction for such defence contracts. Thus, all the defendants were held ‘not guilty’ and the deal was upheld by the court.

(Case Name: Manohar Lal Sharma v/s Narendra Modi)

 7. Chief Justice of India also comes under the Right to Information Act, 2005

A bench of five judges led by Chief Justice of India, Justice Ranjan Gogoi declared on November 13, 2019, that the office of the CJI also falls under the ‘public authority’ and the CJI is also answerable to one and all the questions so asked to him/her by the citizen of India.

  • The bench declared so I the context that the Supreme Court of India in itself comes under ‘public authority’, so the Chief Justice of India who heads the SCI must come under the ‘public authority’ and shall be answerable to the public.
  • It shall also be taken into consideration that the RTI for CJI is not ‘absolute’ and any RTI should not hinder the privacy of any individual judge.
  • Justice Ramanna wrote, “Right to information should not be allowed to be used as a tool of surveillance.”

(Case Name: Central Public Information Officer, Supreme Court v/s Subhash Chandra Agarwal)

 8. Three Reliance Companies found Guilty of Contempt

There was an MSA (Managed Service Agreement) signed between Ericsson and Reliance Companies in 2013. In 2017, the Reliance Companies were deeply indebted by Ericsson and owed roughly ₹550 crores.

  • The matter was then taken to court by the Ericsson India Pvt. Ltd. who filed a petition against the Reliance Companies (a collective name for ‘Reliance Communications Ltd.’, ‘Reliance Telecom Ltd.’, and ‘Reliance Infratel Ltd.’) as they were not able to pay off the dues.
  • Taking this into consideration, Reliance Companies paid ₹118 crores through the court.
  • The court then gave a deadline of March 19, 2019, to deposit all the remaining dues or the default of which will lead to Anil Ambani’s three-month imprisonment. Mukesh Ambani came to rescue and gave ₹462 crores to Anil Ambani to pay-off their dues and get rid of potential jail term.
  • Thus, Anil Ambani cleared all his dues just a day before the deadline so as to save himself from going to jail.

(Case Name: Reliance Communication Ltd and others v/s State Bank of India)


Imp Judgement by SC 2019: Download PDF Part 2 

Imp Judgement passed by SC in 2019: Part 1


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