We have covered some expert NDA exam geography preparation tips, to help aspirants learn and revise the huge syllabus of this section and score 60+ marks from it. So, let’s go through these geography tips for the National Defense Academy & Naval Academy exam now!
NDA Geography Important Topics
Geography is majorly separated into physical geography and political geography. Physical geography includes land masses, oceans, etc. whereas political geography includes country boundaries, state boundaries, etc. Also, know the NDA syllabus before starting your preparation.
The syllabus for the Geography section of the NDA exam typically includes topics such as:
- Earth – shape, size, origin, movement, and effect
- Weather, climate
- Types, rocks, and their classification
- Oceans, ocean currents, and tides
- Rivers and other water bodies
- Mountains and plateaus
- Geographical co-ordinates – latitudes and longitudes, international date line
- Agriculture and vegetation
- Civilizations of the world
- Atmosphere – layers and composition
- Atmospheric pressure and temperature
- Precipitation, evaporation, condensation
- Mechanical and chemical weathering
- Soil and its classification
- Cyclones and anti-cyclones
- Sea, land, and air routes of India
- States and Union territories of India along with their capitals
- Location of army commands in India.
NDA Geography Questions
Let us first have a look at some examples to get an idea of the type of questions that may appear from the geography section in the NDA exam:
1) Which of the following is a coral group of islands in India?
Answer: (d) Lakshadweep
2) Which state shares boundaries with a maximum number of other states in India?
(a) Madhya Pradesh
Answer: (a) Assam
3) Taungup Pass, mountain corridor, connects India with which country?
Answer: (d) Myanmar
Practice NDA mock test to prepare smartly for the examination and score better hassle-free.
Tip to prepare Geography for NDA 2022 Exam
Let us now have a look at the preparation tips and strategies:
- Learn about the water bodies of India. This includes lakes, rivers, geysers, hot water springs, surrounding ocean bodies and seas, etc.
- Also learn about the natural physical structures of India, such as the Himalayan mountain ranges, the Aravalli Range, the Western Ghats, the Deccan Plateau, Tibetan Plateau, etc.
- Memorize the number of states in India, along with their surrounding states, capital cities, main rivers, and their tributaries, etc. The list given below can be used for reference.
Rivers in India:
- Rivers flowing into the Bay of Bengal –
Brahmaputra, Kaveri, Ganga and its tributaries (Ramganga, Sharda, Gomti, Yamuna, Chambal, Betwa, Ken, Tons, Ghagara, Gandaki, Burhi Gandak, Koshi, Mahanadu, Tamsa, Son, Bagmati), Meghna, Mahanadi, Godavari, Krishna and its tributaries (Ghataprabha, Malaprabha, Bhima, Tungabhadra, Musi).
- Rivers flowing into the Arabian Sea –
Narmada, Tapi, Sabarmati.
States, Union Territories, and their Capital Cities:
State / Union Territory
Andaman and Nicobar Islands
Dadra and Nagar Haveli & Daman and Diu
Jammu & Kashmir
- In addition to remembering states and their capitals, remember the names and basic details of those states that were newly formed or renamed in the past few years.
For instance, Telangana was formed in the year 2014 and Orissa was renamed Odisha in 2011.
- Be well versed about the different oceans in the world (Atlantic Ocean, Arctic Ocean, Pacific Ocean, Indian Ocean, and the Southern Ocean) and the countries or continents situated nearby.
- The questions asked in this section are purely based on the syllabus from NCERT Class IX to XII. So, get your hands on your old-school books. However, if you don’t have access to those books, you can use other general knowledge books like Lucent’s General Knowledge.
- Competitive exams usually test the overall knowledge of a candidate and do not go in-depth into a particular topic. So, stick to simple and straightforward facts and avoid spending a lot of time on memorizing everything about a particular topic.
- Use a good atlas. Whenever you are reading about state boundaries, land masses, oceans, mountains, etc. have an atlas beside you and keep locating the place that you’ve just read about. This will help retain information as you are using the method of visual learning, rather than just memorizing facts continuously. Doing this daily for about 15-20 minutes is more than enough for better retention.
- Economic activities related to agriculture and industries should be prepared from a geographic perspective. In other words, learn how the geography of a region (vegetation, distribution of water bodies, quantity, quality, and type of soil, temperature, etc.) affects its economy.
Suggested Read: How to Crack NDA Exam in 2 Months: Check Study Plan & Key Tips
For the overall preparation of the National Defence Academy exam, we have also shared the preparation tips of Physics, Trigonometry, and Algebra. Go through them, to understand these topics better. We will cover the remaining topics of the NDA exam in the coming days.
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