How to prepare Geography for NDA & NA Exam 2022?

By Dhruv Kumar|Updated : June 3rd, 2022

The geography section in the NDA & NA exam is classified under the General Ability Test (GAT). NDA exam’s Geography section consists of 20 questions that sum up to 80 marks in the written test of the National Defense Academy. Candidates preparing for the upcoming NDA Exam must prepare for the geography section in order to improve their chances of cracking the exam in the first attempt.

So, here are some important tips on how to prepare Geography for the NDA exam 2022. Follow the below mentioned preparation tips to complete the NDA Geography syllabus. 

Table of Content

We have covered some expert NDA exam geography preparation tips, to help aspirants learn and revise the huge syllabus of this section and score 60+ marks from it. So, let’s go through these geography tips for the National Defense Academy & Naval Academy exam now!

NDA Geography Important Topics

Geography is majorly separated into physical geography and political geography. Physical geography includes land masses, oceans, etc. whereas political geography includes country boundaries, state boundaries, etc. Also, know the NDA syllabus before starting your preparation.

The syllabus for the Geography section of the NDA exam typically includes topics such as:

  • Earth – shape, size, origin, movement, and effect
  • Weather, climate
  • Types, rocks, and their classification
  • Deserts
  • Oceans, ocean currents, and tides
  • Rivers and other water bodies
  • Mountains and plateaus
  • Geographical co-ordinates – latitudes and longitudes, international date line
  • Humidity
  • Winds
  • Minerals
  • Agriculture and vegetation
  • Civilizations of the world
  • Atmosphere – layers and composition
  • Atmospheric pressure and temperature
  • Precipitation, evaporation, condensation
  • Mechanical and chemical weathering
  • Soil and its classification
  • Earthquakes
  • Volcanoes
  • Cyclones and anti-cyclones
  • Sea, land, and air routes of India
  • States and Union territories of India along with their capitals
  • Location of army commands in India.

NDA Geography Questions

Let us first have a look at some examples to get an idea of the type of questions that may appear from the geography section in the NDA exam:

1) Which of the following is a coral group of islands in India?
(a) Minicoy
(b) Andaman
(c) Nicobar
(d) Lakshadweep

Answer: (d) Lakshadweep

2) Which state shares boundaries with a maximum number of other states in India?
(a) Madhya Pradesh
(b) Maharashtra
(c) Assam
(d) Bihar

Answer: (a) Assam

3) Taungup Pass, mountain corridor, connects India with which country?
(a) Afghanistan
(b) China
(c) Pakistan
(d) Myanmar

Answer: (d) Myanmar

Practice NDA mock test to prepare smartly for the examination and score better hassle-free.

Tip to prepare Geography for NDA 2022 Exam

Let us now have a look at the preparation tips and strategies:

  1. Learn about the water bodies of India. This includes lakes, rivers, geysers, hot water springs, surrounding ocean bodies and seas, etc.
  2. Also learn about the natural physical structures of India, such as the Himalayan mountain ranges, the Aravalli Range, the Western Ghats, the Deccan Plateau, Tibetan Plateau, etc.
  3. Memorize the number of states in India, along with their surrounding states, capital cities, main rivers, and their tributaries, etc. The list given below can be used for reference.

Rivers in India:

  • Rivers flowing into the Bay of Bengal
    Brahmaputra, Kaveri, Ganga and its tributaries (Ramganga, Sharda, Gomti, Yamuna, Chambal, Betwa, Ken, Tons, Ghagara, Gandaki, Burhi Gandak, Koshi, Mahanadu, Tamsa, Son, Bagmati), Meghna, Mahanadi, Godavari, Krishna and its tributaries (Ghataprabha, Malaprabha, Bhima, Tungabhadra, Musi).
  • Rivers flowing into the Arabian Sea
    Narmada, Tapi, Sabarmati.

States, Union Territories, and their Capital Cities:

State / Union Territory

Capital City

Andhra Pradesh

Amaravati

Arunachal Pradesh

Itanagar

Assam

Dispur

Bihar

Patna

Chhattisgarh

Raipur

Goa

Panaji

Gujarat

Gandhinagar

Haryana

Chandigarh

Himachal Pradesh

Shimla

Jharkhand

Ranchi

Karnataka

Bengaluru

Kerala

Thiruvananthapuram

Madhya Pradesh

Bhopal

Maharashtra

Mumbai

Manipur

Imphal

Meghalaya

Shillong

Mizoram

Aizawl

Nagaland

Kohima

Odisha

Bhubaneshwar

Punjab

Chandigarh

Rajasthan

Jaipur

Sikkim

Gangtok

Tamil Nadu

Chennai

Telangana

Hyderabad

Tripura

Agartala

Uttar Pradesh

Lucknow

Uttarakhand

Dehradun

West Bengal

Kolkata

Andaman and Nicobar Islands

Port Blair

Chandigarh

Chandigarh

Dadra and Nagar Haveli & Daman and Diu

Daman

Delhi

Delhi

Lakshadweep

Kavaratti

Puducherry

Pondicherry

Ladakh

NA

Jammu & Kashmir

NA
  1. In addition to remembering states and their capitals, remember the names and basic details of those states that were newly formed or renamed in the past few years.
    For instance, Telangana was formed in the year 2014 and Orissa was renamed Odisha in 2011.
  2. Be well versed about the different oceans in the world (Atlantic Ocean, Arctic Ocean, Pacific Ocean, Indian Ocean, and the Southern Ocean) and the countries or continents situated nearby.
  3. The questions asked in this section are purely based on the syllabus from NCERT Class IX to XII. So, get your hands on your old-school books. However, if you don’t have access to those books, you can use other general knowledge books like Lucent’s General Knowledge.
  4. Competitive exams usually test the overall knowledge of a candidate and do not go in-depth into a particular topic. So, stick to simple and straightforward facts and avoid spending a lot of time on memorizing everything about a particular topic.
  5. Use a good atlas. Whenever you are reading about state boundaries, land masses, oceans, mountains, etc. have an atlas beside you and keep locating the place that you’ve just read about. This will help retain information as you are using the method of visual learning, rather than just memorizing facts continuously. Doing this daily for about 15-20 minutes is more than enough for better retention.
  6. Economic activities related to agriculture and industries should be prepared from a geographic perspective. In other words, learn how the geography of a region (vegetation, distribution of water bodies, quantity, quality, and type of soil, temperature, etc.) affects its economy.

Suggested Read: How to Crack NDA Exam in 2 Months: Check Study Plan & Key Tips

For the overall preparation of the National Defence Academy exam, we have also shared the preparation tips of Physics, Trigonometry, and Algebra. Go through them, to understand these topics better. We will cover the remaining topics of the NDA exam in the coming days.

BYJU’S Exam Prep NDA 2022 courses support your exam preparation from every aspect. The online course contains unlimited live classes taught by expert teachers, mock tests, and revision notes.

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NDA Geography FAQ's

  • Approximately 15 -20 questions are asked in GAT paper from geography section in NDA exam. The total weightage of geography in NDA exam is approximately 80 marks.

  • The questions asked in this section are purely based on the syllabus from NCERT Class IX to XII. Candidates can download NCERT books of geography by visiting this link.

  • Geography is majorly separated into physical geography and political geography. Physical geography includes land masses, oceans, etc. whereas political geography includes country boundaries, state boundaries, etc. You can also check detailed NDA syllabus by clicking here.

  • Use a good atlas. Whenever you are reading about state boundaries, land masses, oceans, mountains, etc. have an atlas beside you and keep locating the place that you’ve just read about. This will help retain information as you are using the method of visual learning, rather than just memorizing facts continuously. Doing this daily for about 15-20 minutes is more than enough for better retention.

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