The Legal Aptitude section of Law Entrances Exams is one of the trickiest segments that an aspirant is quizzed in the test but not difficult. There are ways how one can score in this section. A thorough understanding of the Law will help an aspirant solve and score more in this section.
Understanding the concepts of law will help aspirants and scoring will become comparatively easy. So, in this post, we will first help you understand the Legal Aptitude section in Law Entrances Exams like AILET, SLAT, MAH CET (5 yrs) LL.B. Then we will then proceed on to some important tips which will help an aspirant prepare for the legal aptitude section in the Law Entrances Exams.
What is Legal Aptitude?
Most students often panic in this section, since, they don’t have any Legal Knowledge. However, the Legal Aptitude section tests the candidate's problem-solving ability of the legal issue at hand. Generally, the Legal Aptitude section consists of two types of questions – Legal Reasoning and Legal GK (including legal maxims, important judgments). The total number of legal aptitude questions in the AILET exam is 35 and in SLAT is 18 marks and in MAH CET (5 yrs) LL.B is 40 marks and each question carries one mark.
Tips to Prepare Legal Aptitude Questions for Law Entrance Exams
We will now describe each type of legal aptitude question in detail below and will also share important expert tips to solve them with ease.
1. Legal Reasoning Questions
- The legal reasoning questions are the principle and fact-based questions wherein you are provided with a legal proposition (principle) and a set of facts to which the proposition (principle) has to be applied.
- Some principles may not be true in a real sense, but all you have to do is assume them to be true and answer the questions accordingly.
- The principles are generally based on the law of contract, law of torts, criminal law, and constitutional law. One should have a thorough understanding of these laws, so answer this section.
- Although, most questions are asked from the abovementioned laws, however, there might be chances that few questions are based on other laws such as intellectual property law, labor law, international law, and family law.
- You do not need to be well versed and study all these laws in detail. All you need to do is just get a general idea of it so that it becomes easier to solve such questions. Like if you already
- know the principle then you can save time during the examination.
Now, to understand how to solve a legal reasoning question in a better way we will take a sample question and solve it.
Tips to Score Marks in Legal Aptitude
To score good marks in the legal aptitude section of Law Exam, solve Past year CLAT, AILET, MAH CET & SLAT question papers to know the pattern & level of the questions asked in the Legal Aptitude section.
- NLSIU, Bangalore previous years question papers.
- Prior to CLAT, NLSIU had its own separate exam.
- Most of the Legal Reasoning questions find their origin in NLS papers;
- Solving as many mocks as possible be it online or offline.
Principle: Whoever intending to take dishonestly (with an intention to cause wrongful loss to another or wrongful gain to himself) any movable property out of the possession of any person without that person's consent, moves that property in order to such taking is said to commit theft.
Fact: A handed over his watch to B for safekeeping. B sells the watch to C, which he was not authorized to do. B is prosecuted for theft.
- a) B is guilty of theft because he gained from it
- b) B is not guilty of theft because he was in possession of the watch
- c) B is not guilty of theft because A had given him the watch
- d) B is guilty of theft because he caused wrongful loss to A
Now, to solve this question you need to apply the approach of Principle Fact and then again Principle (PFP).
Tips to solve the above question -
- First, read the principle carefully and then read the facts without looking at the answer choices.
- Read the principle again and then solve the question accordingly.
- Here, on the plain reading of the principle, it looks like B has committed theft, however, if you read the principle again you will understand that theft is when something is taken out of the possession without that person’s consent.
- But here the property was in possession of B so the case is of breach of trust rather than theft where A gave the property to B and he misappropriated it.
- So, options (a) and (d) can be automatically eliminated.
- Choosing between (b) and (c) the appropriate option will be (b) because it applies the principle above.
Such kinds of questions are asked in the CLAT examination and to ace these questions you need to practice a lot. Solving the previous year's papers will help because questions are often repeated. Just apply the right approach and you can easily crack it. Don’t assume things and don’t apply your own knowledge of moral principles to it. Stick to the principle.
2. Legal Knowledge (GK)
- Legal GK questions include a variety of questions involving constitutional law-related-questions, fundamental rights, directive principles of state policy, amendments, and landmark judgments.
- Also, questions relating to current legal happenings are also asked in this section. Other than that, the meaning of legal maxims is asked.
- To prepare for this you need to be well versed with the important articles of the constitution especially the fundamental rights.
- Also, learn all the important amendments in the constitution and for preparing legal maxims you can refer to a list of important legal maxims.
- However, don’t go through each and every legal maxim from A-Z. Only a few of them are important.
- Go through the previous year's papers and you will get to know which of them are important. Jot them down and learn them thoroughly.
Qs - The idea of the Federal structure of government in our Constitution was incorporated from which Constitution?
- Irish Constitution
- American Constitution
- British Constitution
- Both a and c
- A federal system of governance is one that divides the powers of government between the union government and state governments. The Constitution of the United States established the federal system, and it is also known as federalism.
Additional Tips to Solve Legal Aptitude Questions
- Decide the time you will give to this section during your examination beforehand.
- Generally, 25-30 minutes are enough for attempting the legal aptitude section.
- Try not to spend more than 30-35 minutes on this section, even if all the questions asked are based on legal reasoning. Therefore, for time-bound practice, solve as many mocks and practice questions beforehand so that you don’t face problems during the examination.
- Focus on your exam strategy and don’t panic.
- Stay updated with the current legal happenings and landmark judgments.
- Legal maxims are completely new for you to read. Also, they are quite tricky since most of the words are Latin. So, don’t leave it for the last moment. Start learning them from today onwards.
- While answering legal reasoning questions, if you are confused by the answer choices, just read the principle again and you will get the answer. Also, concentrate on the most appropriate choice since at times two or more choice seems to be correct.