Which of the Following Compounds on Oxidation gives Benzoic Acid?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: October 17th, 2023

(A) Chlorophenol

(B) Chlorotoluene

(C) Chlorobenzene

(D) Benzyl chloride

The compound Benzyl chloride forms benzoic acid on oxidation. The term “oxidation reaction” describes a reaction in which either oxygen is added, or hydrogen is removed. It is sometimes referred to as the loss of one or more electrons by atoms or ions. Example is: Mg + O2 = MgO2.

Benzyl Chloride Forms Benzoic Acid on Oxidation 

  • Benzoic acid is created when benzyl chloride and alkyl benzenes are subjected to oxidation.
  • It can be produced by a variety of oxidizing agents, including KMnO4, and K2Cr2O7, in the presence of acids such as H2SO4.


  • Benzyl alcohol is created when sodium carbonate and benzyl chloride are mixed.
  • Benzoic acid is created when benzyl alcohol is exposed to an oxidizing agent while also being in the presence of an acid.

The reactions are listed in the following order:


  • Chlorobenzoic acid is produced by the side chain oxidation of chlorobenzene when it is subjected to oxidizing substances.


  • Chlorophenols are converted into benzene diols through oxidation, which comes into equilibrium with quinones.


Benzyl chloride produces benzoic acid as a result of oxidation.


Which of the following compounds on oxidation gives benzoic acid? (A) Chlorophenol (B) Chlorotoluene (C) Chlorobenzene (D) Benzyl chloride

Benzyl chloride produces benzoic acid when it is oxidized. The above-given chemical reactions will be helpful in understanding the process of Benzyl chloride oxidation and the formation of benzoic acid.

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