Differentiate Between Nation State and Modern State

By Shivank Goel|Updated : September 5th, 2022

Nation-states first emerged in Europe when people with a shared identity, language, culture, and customs fought with monarchies to establish a nation run by the people. On the other hand, modern states emerged out of nation-states and are more developed versions of them, with a better-centralized administration and authority. Check out more differences between the nation-state and the modern state in the table shared below:


Modern State

People have a shared identity based on language, culture, and customs.

People of different identities coexist peacefully in a modern state.

Nation and state are congruent.

Centralized power and authority.

Nation-states have a single government and a common identity.

Modern states are more open to having international interaction and diverse identities.

Nation-State and Modern State

Nation states and modern states differ on one main criterion, which is the identity of the people in the states. The formation of a nation-state is almost always based upon the people's desire to dominate the state through their shared identities. The same cannot be said about a modern state, where people of diverse identities and cultures coexist.

Related Questions:-


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  • A nation-state differs from the modern state based on the fact that in the nation-state, people with a shared identity rule the state. In the modern states, people with diverse identities coexist and are ruled by a centralized government.

  • Nation-states emerged in Europe as a consequence of the people’s desire to overthrow foreign monarchs and rule their land based on their own cultural values. A shared sense of identity fueled the people’s desire to have a nation-state.

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