Three Capitals of Andhra Pradesh
Recently Government of Andhra Pradesh is demanding three capitals for their state. It is a South African Model of three capitals.
Administrative Capital: The place from where all the administrative works are carried out.
Legislative Capital: This is from where the legislative functions are carried out. i.e., Law-Making.
Judicial Capital: It is from where the judiciary institutions set up. i.e., High Court.
South African Model:
Here, the administrative capital is different from the judiciary capital of the state. And the national legislature is also different from it.
- Administrative Capital: Pretoria
- Legislative Capital: Cape Town
- Judicial Capital: Bloemfontein
PROPOSAL by Government of Andhra Pradesh:
In this proposal, the CM Y.S.Jagan Mohan Reddy work on making the three capitals for Andhra Pradesh by the recommendation of the government-appointed G.N.Rao Committee. He Proposes the distribution of three organs of the governance. i.e., executive, legislative and judiciary governance across Vishakhapatnam, Amravati, and Kurnool, respectively. In this system, the location choices by the Upper, Central and Lower geographical regions. It shows that they are locating the three highly different parts of the state to ensure the overall development.
This arrangement is recommended by the expert's committee of the Home Affairs Ministry in 2014. On studying alternatives for a new capital of the state, they were focusing on the GREENFIELD Capital City or Infrastructure.
It suggested utilising ten years to continue functions from Hyderabad after bifurcation. BIFURCATION OF STATE into two states. i.e., Telangana and Andhra Pradesh. This based on language or linguistic. The current Capital of Andhra Pradesh is Amaravati.
The motive behind it / Objective to carry out decentralisation for better and inclusive development of the state.
- The government of Andhra Pradesh must consider the facts that considerable work has been completed in Amaravati to utilised it as a functioning capital.
- Suppose Amaravati has the limits to hosting only the Assembly. In that case, it must consider the concern of affected farmers, as they gave up their land for land pooling system to make a grand capital on the time of the TDP Government.
- Amaravati was already working and functioning with Secretariate and Legislative works from 2016 and high court from 2019.
- If it is implemented, proper co-operation among these different capitals should be a significant challenge.
- Geographical difference and distance may affect the smooth teamwork coordination among them.
Most Important Questions asked:
- Whether the large states of India adopt this methodology, or should it remain the same?
- Recent Proposal of Andhra Pradesh about the above issues.
- What are the significant challenges faced to implement this model?
- Questions related to the bifurcation of Andhra Pradesh.
- For creating one or two or more capitals of states, whether it is feasible or else?
- Analysis and feasibility of three capitals.
- Whether this model will help in decentralisation, whether will it increase efficiency?
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