Mission Indra Dhanush
On 25 December 2014, Union Health Minister J. P. Nadda launched Mission Indradhanush. It is a health mission of the Government of India to drive towards 90% full immunization coverage for Indians.
History- Immunization Programme:
- Started in 1978 as ‘Expanded Programme of Immunization’ (EPI)
- Modified in 1985 as Universal Immunization Programme (UPI)
To strengthen the UPI programme, the Government of India launched “Mission Indradhanush” to ensure the full immunization of all children (under the age of 2 years) and pregnant woman all over India.
There are four phases of this Mission until August 2017, where the government provided the vaccination to approximately 2.53 crore children and 68 lakh pregnant women.
The primary intent of this Mission is to inoculate against seven vaccine-preventable diseases (like seven colours of a rainbow/Indra Dhanush).
Free vaccination provided for the following diseases:
- the severe form of childhood tuberculosis,
- hepatitis B,
- Japanese encephalitis (JE)
Intensified Mission Indradhanush (IMI):
- To boost the IndraDhanush Mission, Prime minister Narendra Modi launched the Intensified Mission Indradhanush (IMI) on 8 October 2017.
- Under IMI, four consecutive immunization rounds were conducted for seven days in 173 districts every month between October 2017 and January 2018.
- Intensified Mission Indradhanush has covered low performing areas in the selected districts and urban areas.
- This Mission is based on the information received from gap assessment, supervision through government, concurrent monitoring by partners, and end-line surveys.
Intensified Mission Indradhanush (IMI) 2.0
- The IMI 2.0 aims to cover 272 districts in 27 States
- Conduction of four rounds of immunization activity over seven working days, excluding the RI days, Sundays and holidays.
- Enhanced immunization session with flexible timing, mobile session
- Enhanced focus on left-outs, dropouts, and resistant families and hard to reach areas.
- Focus on urban, underserved population and tribal areas.
- IMI 2.0 is being conducted in the selected districts and urban cities between Dec 2019 – March 2020.
Intensified Mission Indradhanush (IMI) 3.0
- It has two rounds for 15 days each, starting from 22 February and 22 March 2021.
- It covered the 250 districts/urban areas across 29 states in the country.
- The main focus of the IMI 3.0 will be the children and pregnant women who have missed their vaccine during the COVID-19 pandemic.
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